17 terms

Magruder's American Government - Chapter 25

Chapter 25: Local Government and Finance Terms/Identifications/People AP Class - Ms. Coss at Land O Lakes High School
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Terms in this set (...)

county
A major unit of local government in most States.
p718
townships
A subdivision of a county.
p718
special districts
An independent unit created to perform one or more government related functions at the local level.
p722
incorporated
a locality with an officially organized government that provides services to residents. *Incorporation: The process by which a State establishes a city as a legal body.
p726
charter
A city's basic law, its constitution; a written grant of authority from the king.
p31, p726
mayor-council government
The oldest and most widely used type of city government: an elected mayor as the chief executive and an elected council as its legislative body.
p726
commission government
A government formed by commissioners, heads of different departments of city government, who are popularly elected to form the city council and thus center both legislative and executive powers in one body.
p728
council-manager government
A modification of the mayor-council government, it consists of a strong council of members elected on a non-partisan ballot, a weak mayor, elected by the people, and a manager, named by the council.
p728
zoning
The practice of dividing a city into a number of districts and regulating the uses to which property in each of them may be put.
p730
sales tax
A tax placed on the sale of various commodities, paid by the purchaser.
p741
regressive tax
A tax levied at a flat rate, without regard to the level of the taxpayer's income or ability to pay them.
p451, p741
income tax
A tax levied on the income of individuals and/or corporations.
p741
progressive tax
A type of tax proportionate to income.
p449, p742
property tax
A tax levied on real and personal property.
p742
inheritance tax
A tax levied on the beneficiary's share of an estate.
p742
estate tax
A levy imposed on teh assets of one who dies.
p451, p742
budget
A financial plan for the use of money, personnel and property.
p744