71 terms

UCSB Dance 45 Midterm

What is history?
Always biased, as long as one is aware that it's biased; recording of past events; helps us understand the present; people have always danced
What is dance?
Rhythmic movements of 3D body w/energy& expression; not necessarily w/a goal but w/intent
What is art?
Expression of a concept in different forms; expression of feeling; gives sense of belonging, survival; the art is based on qualitative experience
Basic components of Dance Criticism
Evaluation- positive/negative assessment is natural, everyone has an opinion; integral part of our critical thinking skills; evaluate your own opinions and why

Description- analysis; providing a detailed and accurate account of an action/object
Interpretation- process of explaining the meaning/significance of something; relate to accurate description be aware of bias

Contextualization- placing an event w/in a specific context/in specific circumstances; provides even more info& knowledge that audiences can use to understand and discuss a dance work's details and meanings; the context of a dance can include different settings& situations
Basic elements of dance
Space- a place where dance takes place; gives the body shape and design; body creates positive and negative space

Time- dance occurs over time; dance exists within a period of sequenced time, which incorporates rhythm (the structuring of time); always temporal; photo captures a moment in time, but dance exists over the course of time

Energy- our embodied attitude towards movement, not what movement is done but how you do the movement
Sympathetic magic
image and reality are seen as the same
1st inhabitants of Australia
tribal dance originated from spirits
dance comes to them in dreams
stomach is the center of movement
tell stories through dance
Jiri Kylian
choreographed "Stamping Ground" 1980
modern dance
Netherlands Dance Theatre
Netherlands Dance Theatre
where Stamping Ground was performed
modern dance
Stamping Ground
choreographed by Jiri Kylian in 1980
crate music through stomping/clapping-anmal movement
animal within dancer
performed at the Netherlands Dance Theatre
Paleolithic Old Stone Age
20,000 years ago
"sympathetic magic"
Totem spirit
cave paintings
Neolithic Stone Age
Emphasis on farming & agriculture, appeasing spiritual & animalistic side of you

Sacred Circle Cyprus 2,000BCE- create a space in which a sense of community can evolve; sacred circle w/dancers in it
captures the power of animals
each clan has its own animal totem and mythic tales and songs about the past.
Animistic Perspective
Belief objects, animals, and people can affect spirits w/in them & so you must appease them
Cradle of western civilization
Invented the: wheel, writing, bronze (jewelry, weapons, use aesthetically), 60 sec. & 60 min., 12 months& zodiac, laws protected underprivileged
Lineage-based cultures and dance
Major form of religious ritual, worship to the gods; no written language; oral transmission of customs& traditions
Dance and religion
means of communication
telling a story without language
Egyptian dance
dance was recorded in hieroglyphics
religious expression, death and rebirth
performed at funerals
Dance of the Hebrews, 12 verbs
biblical hebrew has 12 verbs to express "dance"
Shiva=hindu dancing god
Whirling Dervishes
whirling as a form of remembering a god
known to perform amazing things while dancing
Dance in Crete
entertainment/display, religious
military training
inspired Greece
Dance in Greece
common in education, very athletic, learned at an early age
you were considered a well bred citizen
god of wine, sex, ectstasy
bring forth dance to open theater and festival in honor of dionysus
1st dithyramb actor-535 BC
Greek Drama
essential in theater=dance, art is essential in expression
tragedy and comedy
(Emmeleia, Kordax, Sikinnis are all specifics)
Greek Chorus
came from theater, Emmeleia dance, gestures, dance, phrases
theater at Epidaur
Sun god
dictated laws of choreography
wrote laws, dance
noble and ignoble dancing
approved of slaves dancing
golden age
arts flourished
strong culture
age of Pericles was peaceful, not war-like
dance as training
dance of peace for Apollo
grace/serious dance
noble dance
tells a story without speaking
dance of war for Zues
greek comedy
drunk men
Plato hated it
Roman Dance
less important than greece
eventually seen as corrupt/imoral
Roman pantomime
dance wore cloaks and mask
explained a story without speaking
opionion was divided: portrayed characters to convey meaning
Estruscan dance
Christianity and dance
ring dance
dance ONLY to rejoice god
Pagan and non-pagan
pagan= multiple gods
non-pagan= one god
Dark ages and dance
christianity and dance
dance only for worship otherwise seen as lewd
Middle Ages/ Miedieval and dance
other dance ceremonies are now accepted
dance processions ward off disease
group dance with refrain
(where christmas carols came from)
Morris dance
sword dance
court dance
dance outside the church but inside private homes
traveling dancers who became the 1st dancing masters
Basse Dance
no jumps
very elegant
action is low and close to the floor
Pageantry and Tournaments
outside church: Royal
Dance of Death
France--->Germany, Italy, Spain
preoccupation with death
prevent death from returning
Dance Mania
11-14th centuries
danced to prevent death from returning
Bubonic plague/ black death
killed 1/3 of Europeans in medieval times
Renaissance and dance
16-18th century
Catherine De Medici,
Louis XIV
Allemande quarante
Sonata, Musical suite and dance
Sarabande Gigue
slow dance, 1381
improv. for skilled dancers
woman is lifted during this dance
Queen Elizabeth's favorite
Equestrian Ballet
Similar to a "half time show" during a game
people on horses
Catherine De Medici
Italian, but moved to France
gave Ballet moves French names
De la Reine, shrewd
Ballet Comique de la Reine
1st ballet
6 hours long
danced by nobles
honors the Queen of France
King Louis XIV
King of France 18th century
loves to dance, often plays Apollo
Sun God
Louis XIV often portrays this
palace built by Louis XIV
Nobles lived there
important to be a good dancer
Jean Baptiste Lully
Pierre Beauchamps
dance master
created Ballet's first 5 foot positions
L'Academie Royale de Musique et Dance 1671
Founded by Louis XIV
Paris Opera
new name for L'Academie Royale de Musique et Dance
founded by Louis XIV
Professional ballet dancers
meant to be judged with partners
Cultural knowledge
Dance has rules, messages, meaning and knowledge in all aspects of life
Ellen Dissanayake
Wrote "art& intimacy" talks about baby talk, all aesthetic human beings
Works on anthropological exploration of art and culture; re-defined art as "making special" (art making involves taking something out of everyday use& context and making it somehow special)
3 basic dance patterns often seen in ancient times
Chain dance- group join hands/arms and dance in circle/line OR Sacred Circle

Line dance- people dancing in a line

Procession- large group of people, like a parade