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What is history?
Always biased, as long as one is aware that it's biased; recording of past events; helps us understand the present; people have always danced
What is dance?
Rhythmic movements of 3D body w/energy& expression; not necessarily w/a goal but w/intent
What is art?
Expression of a concept in different forms; expression of feeling; gives sense of belonging, survival; the art is based on qualitative experience
Basic components of Dance Criticism
Evaluation- positive/negative assessment is natural, everyone has an opinion; integral part of our critical thinking skills; evaluate your own opinions and why
Description- analysis; providing a detailed and accurate account of an action/object
Interpretation- process of explaining the meaning/significance of something; relate to accurate description be aware of bias
Contextualization- placing an event w/in a specific context/in specific circumstances; provides even more info& knowledge that audiences can use to understand and discuss a dance work's details and meanings; the context of a dance can include different settings& situations
Basic elements of dance
Space- a place where dance takes place; gives the body shape and design; body creates positive and negative space
Time- dance occurs over time; dance exists within a period of sequenced time, which incorporates rhythm (the structuring of time); always temporal; photo captures a moment in time, but dance exists over the course of time
Energy- our embodied attitude towards movement, not what movement is done but how you do the movement
1st inhabitants of Australia
tribal dance originated from spirits
dance comes to them in dreams
stomach is the center of movement
tell stories through dance
choreographed by Jiri Kylian in 1980
crate music through stomping/clapping-anmal movement
animal within dancer
performed at the Netherlands Dance Theatre
Neolithic Stone Age
Emphasis on farming & agriculture, appeasing spiritual & animalistic side of you
Sacred Circle Cyprus 2,000BCE- create a space in which a sense of community can evolve; sacred circle w/dancers in it
captures the power of animals
each clan has its own animal totem and mythic tales and songs about the past.
Belief objects, animals, and people can affect spirits w/in them & so you must appease them
Cradle of western civilization
Invented the: wheel, writing, bronze (jewelry, weapons, use aesthetically), 60 sec. & 60 min., 12 months& zodiac, laws protected underprivileged
Lineage-based cultures and dance
Major form of religious ritual, worship to the gods; no written language; oral transmission of customs& traditions
dance was recorded in hieroglyphics
religious expression, death and rebirth
performed at funerals
Dance of the Hebrews, 12 verbs
biblical hebrew has 12 verbs to express "dance"
Shiva=hindu dancing god
Dance in Greece
common in education, very athletic, learned at an early age
you were considered a well bred citizen
essential in theater=dance, art is essential in expression
tragedy and comedy
(Emmeleia, Kordax, Sikinnis are all specifics)
dance wore cloaks and mask
explained a story without speaking
opionion was divided: portrayed characters to convey meaning
Middle Ages/ Miedieval and dance
other dance ceremonies are now accepted
dance processions ward off disease
dance outside the church but inside private homes
traveling dancers who became the 1st dancing masters
Dance of Death
France--->Germany, Italy, Spain
preoccupation with death
prevent death from returning
Wrote "art& intimacy" talks about baby talk, all aesthetic human beings
Works on anthropological exploration of art and culture; re-defined art as "making special" (art making involves taking something out of everyday use& context and making it somehow special)
3 basic dance patterns often seen in ancient times
Chain dance- group join hands/arms and dance in circle/line OR Sacred Circle
Line dance- people dancing in a line
Procession- large group of people, like a parade
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