Upgrade to remove ads
Psychological Science (Gazzaniga, Chapter 1)
Terms in this set (41)
The study of mental activity and behavior
A person whose career involves understanding mental life or predicting behavior
The study, through research, of mind,
brain, and behavior.
Systematically questioning and
evaluating information using well supported
Using psychological research to examine how people typically think, to understand when and why they are likely to draw erroneous conclusions
appeals to authority
Sources refer to their expertise rather than evidence
The "I knew it all along"; after the event has occurred, to see that the event was predictable even though there was no evidence of it being so
schools of thought
Different ways of thinking about the context of psychology
The beliefs, values, rules, and customs
that exist within a group of people
who share a common language and
The arguments concerning whether
psychological characteristics are
biologically innate or acquired through
education, experience, and culture.
A fundamental psychological issue:
Are mind and body separate and
distinct, or is the mind simply the
physical brain's subjective experience?
Part of the brain that is home for thought and judgment (modern term: common sense)
the mind and body are separate yet intertwined. Descartes.
how quickly people can respond to events. Von Helmholtz.
A systematic examination of
subjective mental experiences that
requires people to inspect and report
on the content of their thoughts. Wundt.
An approach to psychology based on
the idea that conscious experience
can be broken down into its basic
underlying components. Titchener and Washburn.
stream of consciousness
A phrase coined by William James to
describe each person's continuous
series of ever-changing thoughts.
An approach to psychology concerned
with the adaptive purpose, or function,
of mind and behavior. James and later Calkins. Impacted by Darwin.
A theory presented by the naturalist
Charles Darwin; it views the
history of a species in terms of the
inherited, adaptive value of physical
characteristics, of mental activity, and
In evolutionary theory, the physical
characteristics, skills, or abilities that
increase the chances of reproduction
or survival and are therefore likely to
be passed along to future generations.
In evolutionary theory, the idea that
those who inherit characteristics that
help them adapt to their particular
environments have a selective
advantage over those who do not.
A theory based on the idea that
the whole of personal experience
is different from the sum of its
The place where mental processes
operate below the level of conscious
A method developed by Sigmund
Freud that attempts to bring the
contents of the unconscious into
conscious awareness so that conflicts
can be revealed. Freud.
Patient would say whatever is on their mind for as long as they want
A psychological approach that
emphasizes the role of environmental
forces in producing observable
behavior. Watson and Skinner.
The study of mental functions such
as intelligence, thinking, language,
memory, and decision making. Miller starts this revolution.
The study of the neural mechanisms
underlying thought, learning,
perception, language, and memory
The study of how people influence
other people's thoughts, feelings, and
The study of characteristic thoughts,
emotions, and behaviors in people and
how they vary across social situations. Allport.
Emphasizes how people can come to know and accept themselves in order to reach their unique potentials
The basic genetic code or blueprint
The flow of people. commodities, and financial instruments
Cultural roles; how people should act
biological level of analysis
The viewpoint of how the physical body contributes to mind and behavior
individual level of analysis
The viewpoint of the individual differences in personality and in the mental processes
social level of analysis
The viewpoint of how group contexts affect the ways in which people interact and influence each other
cultural level of analysis
The viewpoint that explores how people's thoughts, feelings, and actions are similar or different across cultures.
The cross-cultural study of music preferences
Collaborating with researchers from other scientific fields
all knowledge comes from experience
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Introduction to Psychology Gazzaniga Chapter 6 Lea…
Psychological Science Gazzaniga Chapters 7
Psychological Science (Gazzaniga, Chapter 5)