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World History Unit 1
Terms in this set (105)
objects made by humans
people's unique way of life
people who wander from place to place
a farming method in which people clear fields by cutting and burning trees and grasses, the ashes of which serve to fertilize the soil
taming of animals
1) advanced cities, 2) specialized workers 3) complex institutions 4) record keeping 5) advanced technology
Devolopment of skills in a specific kind of work
skilled workers who make goods by hand
a long-lasting pattern of organization in a community
professional record keepers
A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets
the period in ancient human culture when people began to make and use bronze
Exchange goods without involving money.
A pyramid shaped temple tower, "mountain of god"
A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
"land between the rivers"
A city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
A series of rulers from the same family
the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
Belief in many gods
A group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
Created the first empire
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
a single uniform code of laws that helped unify his empire
a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
Egyptian King who is believed to have brought 2 Egyptian Kingdoms together.
A government controlled by religious leaders
Resting place for Egyptian kings after death
A process of embalming and drying corpses to prevent them from decaying
An ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
The mass of land including India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh.
seasonal winds that dominate India's climate
Another name for the Indus Valley Civilization that arose along the Indus river
fertile yellow-brown soil
Shang kings consulted gods through these
Mandate of Heaven
a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
the historical pattern of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties
a political system in which nobles or lords are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king
A group of nomadic peoples who may have come from the steppes
Dry Grasslands that stretched north of the Caucasus
movements of a people from one region to another
The group of people who toppled the Babylonian empire and were responsible for two technological innovations--the war chariots and refinement of iron metallurgy.
nomads from Europe and Asia who migrated to India and finally settled; vedas from this time suggest beginning of caste system
Sacred literature of the Aryans
groups of Aryans
1) Brahmins (priests) 2) warriors 3) traders and landowner's 4) peasants or traders
social classes in the ancient Indian class system
a great Indian epic poem, reflecting the struggles of the Aryans as they moved south into India
The rebirth of a soul in a new body
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
a religion founded in India in the sixth century BC, whose members believe that everything in the universe has a soul and therefore shouldn't be harmed. Mahavira founded this religion.
Founder of Buddhism
a state of perfect wisdom
The state of englightenment for Buddhists.
the four noble truths
1) All life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow. 2) The cause of suffering is nonvirtue, or negative deeds and mindsets such as hated and desire. 3) The only cure for suffering is to overcome nonvirture. 4) The way to overcome nonvirtue is to follow the Eightfold Path
powerful seafaring people that dominated trade in the eastern Mediterranean
an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, east of Greece
an ancient Minoan city on the island of Crete
a king of the Minoans who legend has it owned a half-human, half-bull monster called the "Minotaur"
the most powerful traders along the Meditteranean following Crete's decline
A territory in the Middle East on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Disputed with Israel.
Ancient home of the Hebrews
First five books of the Hebrew Bible
Founder of Judaism and "father" of the Hebrew people
Belief in one God
A solemn agreement between human beings or between God and a human being in which mutual commitments are made.
Led the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt; received the 10 commandments
Money paid for protection
used war chariots, adopted Egyptian culture, and were forced out of Egypt after about 100 years.
the period during which Egypt reached the height of its power and glory
First female pharaoh who expanded Egypt through trade
A pharaoh during the Middle Kingdom that was one of the greatest conquerers and many new lands were brought under control under his reign
a region of Africa that straddled the upper Nile River
Pharaoh of Egypt at the time of Exodus
Kushite king who conquered all of Egypt
capital of nubia
Powerful empire in northern Mesopotamia
Assyrian king and empire builder
capital of the assyrian empire
Made a huge library in Nineveh
People who helped to destroy the Assyrian empire
a Southwest Asian people who helped to destroy the Assyrian Empire
rebuilt Babylon to the greatest city of the time
Persian king who created a huge empire
A Persian king, named after his father Cyrus, expanded the Persian empire by conquering Egypt.
Cambyses successor, a noble of the ruling dynasty
A governor of a province in ancient Persia
Road that helped unify the Persian Empire
The founder of Persia's classical pre-Islamic religion.
Founder of Confucianism
respect for parents
a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
A religion in China which emphasizes the removal from society and to become one with nature.
the belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled
a book of oracles to solve ethical or practical problems
yin and yang
two forces in the universe, according to Chinese Theory
replaced the Zhou Dynasty
founder of the Qin dynasty and China's first emperor
a system of government by one person with absolute power.
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