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Text/Music Relations and Texture

changing the note of a single syllable of text while it is being sung
each syllable of text is matched to a single note
Alberti bass
arpeggiated accompaniment, where the notes of the chord are presented in the order lowest, highest, middle, highest
contrapuntal composition, which employs a melody with one or more imitations
Counterpoint, polyphony
relationship between two or more voices independent in contour and rhythm
musical gesture is repeated later in a different form, but retaining its originial character
Imitative polyphony
two or more equally prominent, simultaneous melodic lines, those lines being similar in shape and sound (ROUND)
Nonimitative polyphony
two or more melodic lines playing distinct melodies
Fugal imitation
each phrase of text is assigned a musical subject that is then taken up by each of the voices
simultanous variation of a melodic line
Homophony (Chordal homophony, Melody with accompaniment)
two or more parts move together
Chordal texture, homorhythm
sameness of rhythm in all parts
melody without accompaniment
played exactly as written
the pitch range that predominates in a particular piece