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Text/Music Relations and Texture

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Melismatic
changing the note of a single syllable of text while it is being sung
Syllabic
each syllable of text is matched to a single note
Alberti bass
arpeggiated accompaniment, where the notes of the chord are presented in the order lowest, highest, middle, highest
Canon
contrapuntal composition, which employs a melody with one or more imitations
Counterpoint, polyphony
relationship between two or more voices independent in contour and rhythm
Imitation
musical gesture is repeated later in a different form, but retaining its originial character
Imitative polyphony
two or more equally prominent, simultaneous melodic lines, those lines being similar in shape and sound (ROUND)
Nonimitative polyphony
two or more melodic lines playing distinct melodies
Fugal imitation
each phrase of text is assigned a musical subject that is then taken up by each of the voices
Heterophony
simultanous variation of a melodic line
Homophony (Chordal homophony, Melody with accompaniment)
two or more parts move together
Chordal texture, homorhythm
sameness of rhythm in all parts
Monophony
melody without accompaniment
Obbligato
played exactly as written
Tessitura
the pitch range that predominates in a particular piece