Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads


changing the note of a single syllable of text while it is being sung


each syllable of text is matched to a single note

Alberti bass

arpeggiated accompaniment, where the notes of the chord are presented in the order lowest, highest, middle, highest


contrapuntal composition, which employs a melody with one or more imitations

Counterpoint, polyphony

relationship between two or more voices independent in contour and rhythm


musical gesture is repeated later in a different form, but retaining its originial character

Imitative polyphony

two or more equally prominent, simultaneous melodic lines, those lines being similar in shape and sound (ROUND)

Nonimitative polyphony

two or more melodic lines playing distinct melodies

Fugal imitation

each phrase of text is assigned a musical subject that is then taken up by each of the voices


simultanous variation of a melodic line

Homophony (Chordal homophony, Melody with accompaniment)

two or more parts move together

Chordal texture, homorhythm

sameness of rhythm in all parts


melody without accompaniment


played exactly as written


the pitch range that predominates in a particular piece

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording