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changing the note of a single syllable of text while it is being sung


each syllable of text is matched to a single note

Alberti bass

arpeggiated accompaniment, where the notes of the chord are presented in the order lowest, highest, middle, highest


contrapuntal composition, which employs a melody with one or more imitations

Counterpoint, polyphony

relationship between two or more voices independent in contour and rhythm


musical gesture is repeated later in a different form, but retaining its originial character

Imitative polyphony

two or more equally prominent, simultaneous melodic lines, those lines being similar in shape and sound (ROUND)

Nonimitative polyphony

two or more melodic lines playing distinct melodies

Fugal imitation

each phrase of text is assigned a musical subject that is then taken up by each of the voices


simultanous variation of a melodic line

Homophony (Chordal homophony, Melody with accompaniment)

two or more parts move together

Chordal texture, homorhythm

sameness of rhythm in all parts


melody without accompaniment


played exactly as written


the pitch range that predominates in a particular piece

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