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Unit 1- Early Settlement & Colonization
Terms in this set (39)
What were the reasons for founding Jamestown?
What were the experiences of the first settlers like?
How might it compare to Plymouth?
The main reason why Jamestown was founded is that a group of English people wanted to find gold set up joint stock companies/ danger, hardship, disease and death/ ppl began to eat each other/ the Plymouth settlers where there for religious reasons, they were prepared for the elements, and there colony prospered compared to Jamestown which was founded for economic reasons and faced death hardship disease and death because they were to focused on finding gold/John Smith
"Gold, Glory, God"
Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer and navigator who completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, opening the way for European exploration and colonization of the Americas. God= spreading Christianity/glory= European power over natives in the new world/ Gold= need gold and silver to buy goods from other countries/ most powerful world trade= parochial and Spain
The encomienda system was a labor system instituted by the Spanish crown in the American colonies. In this system, a Spanish encomendero was granted a number of native laborers who would pay tributes to him in exchange for his protection
The "New World"
the new world means north american south america central america and the caribian
The "Requirement" (Requerimiento)
The Requerimiento [Requirement] was written in 1510 and stated that native Americans had to recognize the Spanish monarchy or there family would become slaves.
Bartolome De Las Casas
Argued for more humane treatment of Native Americans in the Spanish new world colonies
(Contract) Indentured servants: In exchange for passage to the new world, they must serve you for 4-7 years (lower class). In 1619 the first slaves came and received freedom later. They were worked to death before contract ended. The Africans brought over were not supposed to be slaves forever according to Christianity. Eventually, indentured servants became poor whites, and slavery was reserved for Africans.
Tobacco cultivation and exports formed an essential component of the American colonial economy mostly in southern colones first big cash crop
The Atlatnic slave trade
The Atlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, or Euro-American slave trade involved the transportation by slave traders of enslaved African people, mainly to the Americas. The slave trade regularly used the triangular trade route and its Middle Passage, and existed from the 16th to the 19th centuries.
The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were forcibly transported to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade
Virginia Slave Codes/Laws
the virgina slave codes of 1705 was a series of laws enacted by the Colony of Virginia's House of Burgesses in 1705 regulating the interactions between slaves and citizens of the crown colony of Virginia.
What was the cause of Bacon's Rebellion?
Bacon's Rebellion was an armed rebellion that took place in 1676 by Virginia settlers. It was led by Nathaniel Bacon against Governor William Berkeley. The immediate cause of the rebellion was Governor William Berkeley's recent refusal to retaliate of Native American on settlements. ... The overall reason of the rebellion was the cause of the division of wealth. This uprising was eventually put down by the governor, but resulted in increased racism.
What are the basic beliefs?
Why did they choose to leave England/Holland?
The Puritans were English Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to purify the Church of England of Roman Catholic practices, The Puritans believed that God had formed a unique covenant, or agreement, with them. They believed that God expected them to live according to the Scriptures, to reform the Anglican Church, and to set a good example that would cause those who had remained in England to change their sinful ways. they chose to leave England/Holland because they were in search of religious freedom which they found in the new world.
Separatists were a group of Puritans who advocated total withdrawal from the Church of England. The Separatists wanted the freedom to worship independently from English authority. Plymouth colony/ separation of church and state/ founded of road island roger Williams
the Protestant Reformation was the 16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent in the modern era.
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