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Blood 2-Bio 5 Lab Review

STUDY
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erythrocytes
oxygen and carbon dioxide carrying cells
leukocytes
help the body fight infections and foreign substances
thrombocytes
form a clot to help the body stop bleeding
megakaryocytees
large cells that develop into platelets
anemia
a deficiency in number of RBCs or decreased hemoglobin content of blood
polycythemia
an abnormal increase in RBCs
leukocytosis
an abnormal increase in WBCs
thrombocytopenia
a deficiency in platelets
leukopenia
a deficiency in WBCs
neutrophils
60% to 70% of all WBCs
eosinophils
2% to 4% of all WBCs
basophils
0.5% to 1% of all WBCs
lymphocytes
20% to 25% of all WBCs
monocytes
3% to 8% of all WBCs
neutrophils
Nucleus with 2 to 5 connected lobes; pale lilac granules;larger that RBCs
eosinophils
nucleus with 2 or 3 lobes; red-orange granules; larger that RBCs
basophils
nucleus difficult to see; large deep blue-purple granules; larger than RBCs
lymphocytes
round nucleus that is dark purple; sky blue cytoplasm, no visible granules; about the same size as RBCs
monocytes
kidney-shaped nucleus; blue-gray cytoplasm, no visible granules; significantly larger that RBCs
PMNs
abbreviation for polymorphonuclear leukocytes
segs
nickname for neutrophils
leukocytes
general name fo all WBCs
hematocrit
packed red blood cell volume