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95 terms

CJ 110 Test 4

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Probation
A sentence of imprisonment that is suspended by a judge
True
Probation is most common form of punishment, True or False
Parole
The status of an offender conditionally released from a prison by a paroling authority prior to the completion of prison sentence.
Community Corrections
A form of probation requiring supervision and the completion of court required activities
Examples: Probation, parole, home confinement and electronic monitoring.
John Augustus
World's first probation officer, took prisoners into his home
Yes but not for first degree murder in Michigan
Can a convicted murderer be placed on probation?
20-60
% of of guilty individuals placed on probation
True
GENERAL CONDITIONS of probation include:
obey laws
maintain employment
remain within jurisdiction
allow probation officer to visit home or work place
pay court ordered fines
False
Those on probation are not forced to submit to warrentless searches such as breath/blood/urine testing.
59
Percent of individuals on probation complete successfully
False
Parole is widely used today as it is considered very effective, true or false
49
Percent of those who complete parole
Caseload
The number of probation and/or parole clients assigned to one probation or parole officer for supervision
Supervision, Pre-sentence investigation reports, misc reports
3 Duties of a probation/parole officer
35
Recommended caseload for parole officer
True
Many parole officers face high caseloads and lack of career mobility, true or false
Split sentence
Confinement in local jail + probation
Shock probation
confinement + surprise release
Shock incarceration
boot camp is an example of
Mixed sentence
weekends in jail + probation supervision
intensive supervision
at least 5 face-to-face contacts with probation officer each week
Intermediate sanctions
Shock probation, shock incarceration, mixed sentence, intensive supervision, and community service are all examples of:
Parole
Which of the following is a correctional strategy?
Probation
Restitution
Community Service
Parole
Max Security
Prison with highs walls, fences, secure cells Primarily concerned with custody
Med Security
Prison with - greater inmate freedom
Min Security
Prison with - dormitory-like setting, private rooms, unarmed correctional officers, Primarily concerned with rehabilitation
Own restraint
What is the primary force that keeps minimum-security prisoners from escaping?
Recidivism
The repetition of criminal behavior.
Includes post incarceration:
Arrest
Conviction
Correctional Commitment
Correctional Status Changes
Within a given period of time.
Violent
State Prisons
Most have been convicted of a ____ crime
Drug
Federal Prisons
Most have been convicted of a _____ offense
Selective incapacitation
Attempts to identify the potentially most dangerous criminals with the goal of selectively removing them from society. Releasing non violent offenders from custody.
Ex post facto
A law that is passed after the fact
Prison capacity
Size of the correctional population an institution can effectively hold
Rate capacity
Inmate population a facility can handle according to experts
Operational capacity
Prison management's estimate of capacity
Design capacity
architectural capacity design - inmate population the institution was originally built to handle
The count
What is the name of the control mechanism used by correctional staff at regular intervals during the day?
ADMAX
Ultra-maximum security. Only one is found in colorado
ADMAX
Holds mob bosses, spies, terrorists murderers, escape artists, etc.
Only toughest 1% of federal prison population is confined there.
True
In ADMAX prisons, dangerous prisoners are confined to cells 23 hours per day & not allowed to associate with one another. True or False
High security
U.S. Penitentiaries (hold 10%) are an example of
Med security
Federal Correctional Institutions (hold 23%) are an example of
Low security
Federal Prison Camps (hold 35%) are an example of
Jail
Confinement facility administered by a local or county government; holds individuals serving a court imposed sentence and those awaiting adjudication.
True
Jail is short term confinement, half of inmates have not yet been convicted, true or false
False
The number of males being sentenced to jail is growing much faster than females. True or false
Private prisons
Correctional facilities operated by private firms on behalf of local and state governments.
Direct supervision
New jail management strategy consisting of a system of pods or modular self-contained housing areas
open environment
Total institutions
Places where people work, play, eat, sleep, and recreate together on a daily basis
Formal
Prison social structure consisting of rules and procedures established by correctional authorities
informal
Social structure also called prison subculture
Merchant
Prison staff who articipates in the prison economy. Supplies drugs, pornography, alcohol, and sometimes even weapons to inmates
Few
Most women's prisons have ____ major disturbances or escapes.
True
The number of women being sent to prison is on the increase. true or false
Pell v. Procunier
established the "balancing test."
balancing test
attempts to weigh the rights of individuals against the state's authority to make laws or otherwise restrict a person's freedom in order to protect its interests and its citizens
False
prisoners have a reasonable expectation to privacy when incarcerated. True or false
May
A prisoner's private mail from immediate family members (may or may not) be opened and censored by prison authorities
Writ of Habeas Corpus
A __________ directs the person detaining a prisoner to bring him or her before a judicial officer to determine the lawfulness of the imprisonment.
Prisonization
_________ is the socialization process of inmates into the prison subculture.
importation
The ______ model of prison culture suggests that immates bring values, roles, and behavior patterns for the outside world.
Rat
In the special language of prisoners a _______ is slang for an informant.
Wolf
A ______ is an aggressive man who assumes the masculine role in a homosexual relation in prison.
Dictator
If inmates were to gain control of an institution, which type of correctional officer would most likely by targeted for vengeance?
Colonist
A ______ is a prisoner that thinks of prison as home and feels more comfortable institutionalized than on the streets.
Friend
The correctional officer that tries to fraternize with inmates, and attempts to be one of the guys is classified as a ___________.
Punk
In the special language of prisoners a __________ is a male inmate who is forced into a submissive or feminine role during homosexual relations.
Graying
As the inmates become older within the prison system, this is known as the __________ of America's prison population.
Treatment
The drug counselor is part of the ________ staff in the prison.
Radicals
_____ consider themselves to be political prisoners
Unannounced Searches
The U.S. Supreme Court case of Hudson v. Palmer ruled that prison officials may conduct ______________ of inmates personal possessions.
False
Less than 10% of felons released on parole are rearrested for a felony within 3 years of being sentenced?
Community Corrections
Home confinement and electronic monitoring are examples of?
Mixed Sentence
This type of sentence combines weekend incarceration and probation supervision during the week?
Shock incarceration
This intermediate sanction resembles a military boot camp?
Elmira reformatory
This reformatory was the first to use parole?
Probation
This is the most common form of sentencing in the US?
False
The Parole board orders probation?
Community service
Which sentencing alternative requires an offender to spend part of their sentence working for a community agency?
True
Probation is ordered by the court or the judge?
Griffin v Wisconsin
Which Supreme Court case ruled that a probationers residence can be searched without a search warrant?
False (caught committing an additional crime)
Failure to hold a job is the most frequent violation for which parole revocation occurs?
Split sentence
This type of sentence requires time to be served in a local jail before a period of supervised probation?
False (around 5% or less)
Approximately 15% of people convicted of homicide are placed on probation?
True
Maximum security prisons are primarily concerned with custody?
Drug offenses
The majority of inmates in federal institutions have been convicted of?
Minimum security
____ security prisons have a dormitory- like setting and unarmed correctional officers?
United States penitentiaries
High-security facilities in the federal prison system are known as _______?
Less
Violence in Women's prisons occurs less/ or more often than in men's prisons?
False
Inmates have a reasonable expectation of privacy in their cells?
False (custody and control)
The primary concern of today's correctional officers is the rehabilitation of inmates?
Prison Argot
____ is the language of prisoners??
Opportunist
John Irwin described the lifestyle of an inmate who takes advantage of the positive experiences the prison has to offer is said to be an?
Administrative staff
The warden is part of the ______ staff in the prison?
Treatment
The drug counselor is part of the ______ staff in the prison?