54 terms

USII.8 Post World War II

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Areas occupied by the Soviet Union following World War II
Eastern and Central Europe; East Germany
Why the U.S. believed it was in its best interests to rebuild Europe following World War II
to prevent political and economic instability
Marshall Plan
provided massive financial aid to rebuild European economies and prevent the spread of communism
creator of the Marshall Plan
George C. Marshall
Following World War II, Germany was -
partitioned
portion of Germany which was democratic following World War II
West Germany
Nation which occupied East Germany
USSR
portion of Germany which was not democratic following World War II
East Germany
nation which became a strong ally of the U.S. following U.S. occupation
Japan
United Nations
formed following World War II to try to prevent future global wars
why the economic, social & political climate of the United States changed after World War II
because of the development of new technologies, changes in mass media and the growth of mass markets
Following World War II, American business converted from producing war materials to -
consumer goods
Following World War II, Americans were able to purchase goods on -
credit
Following World War II, the U.S. economy -
expanded
When labor unions merged they became -
more powerful
Powerful unions help workers how?
they gain new benefits and higher salaries
Following World War II, women -
returned to family responsibilities
Why did women return to family responsibilities following World War II?
men returned and reclaimed their jobs
superpowers after World War II
US and USSR
The Cold War was a rivalry over -
ideology and national security
length of the Cold War
40 years
Cold War
state of tension between the United States and Soviet Union without actual fighting that divided the world into 2 camps
the United States during the Cold War
democratic & capitalist
the Soviet Union during the Cold War
dictatorial & communist
containment
American policy to stop the spread of communism
domination
the USSR's policy over Eastern European nations (Iron Curtain)
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
American allies in the Cold War
Warsaw Pact
Soviet allies in the Cold War
Nations fought by the U.S. and South Korea
North Korea and China
how the Korean War ended
stalemate
why the Berlin Wall was built
because of disagreements between the US & USSR over the status of Berlin
nation where the Soviet Union placed missiles
Cuba
how the Cuban Missile Crisis ended
Soviets removed the missiles in response to a U.S. blockade & the US removed missiles from Turkey
reason for the Vietnam War
to stop the spread of communism into South Vietnam
Cold War conflict which divided Americans
Vietnam War
how the Vietnam conflict ended
U.S. troops withdrew during a cease-fire agreement
goal in the Space Race between the US & USSR
to be the first to land a man on the moon
the Cold War Arms Race
the stock piling of nuclear weapons as a deterrant to nuclear war
what happened to the Soviet Union following the Cold War
it broke up into independent countries
symbol of the end of the Cold War
destruction of the Berlin Wall
Challenges facing the U.S. following the Cold War
- role of U.S. military intervention
- environmental challenges
- global issues including trade, jobs and disease
Nations which occupied West Germany
U.S., Great Britain and France
signs of a strong economy
- healthy job market
- increased productivity
- increased demand for American products
- rise/emergence of China as a global economic & military power
the Baby Boom
changed America's demographics
reason for a greater investment in education following World War II
so Americans would have the ability to compete globally (National Defense Education Act)
evolving role of women
exprected to play a supporting role in the family but also were increasingly working outside the home
why a new generation of women was able to enter the work force in large numbers
because economic prosperity continued and technology boomed
G.I. Bill of Rights
gave educational, housing and employment benefits to veterans
Harry Truman
desegregated the armed forces
Civil Rights legislation
increased opportunities for women and minorities
globalization
the linking of nations through trade, information, technologies and communication
globalization involves increased -
integration of different societies
interdependence
involves a relationship between nations, countries & societies depending on one another for goods, services, action or influence
impacts of globalization & international trade on American life
- improvement of all communications
- availability of a wide variety of foreign made goods and services
- outsourcing of jobs and decline of some American cities & industries
- rise of international corporations
- shift from manufacturing to a high-tech and service economy
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