28 terms

AP Psychology: History and Approaches

Things I was iffy on, and things I saw on my AP book that I didn't recognize.
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Hippocrates
One of the first to impose empirical observations to study of medicine. He wanted to find the mind, which he thought was separate from the body.
Mind body dualism
The belief in which the mind is separate from the body. The belief also stated that the body is composed of physical substances but the mind is eternal.
Plato
He was considered a rationalist because of his assertion that knowledge is acquired through rational methods by using philosophical analysis to understand the world and people in it.
Aristotle
He is called an empiricist because of his assertion that knowledge is acquired through empirical methods. Obtaining evidence through experience, observation, and experiment. He is credited with the scientific method.
Rene Descartes
He developed interactionism which proposed that the mind affects the body and the body affects the mind. He believed that this occurred in the pineal gland (located in lower center of brain)
Interactionism
proposed that the mind affects the body and the body affects the mind
Thomas Hobbes
Associated with monoism.
Monoism
the idea that human experiences are physical processes emanating from the brain.
John Locke
He rejects the notion that physical/mental phenomena are distinct. Mind is dependent on body. Body is dependent on mind.
Immanuel Kant
He believed that senses, understanding, and reasoning worked together. He used empiricism and rationalism in quest for understanding relation between mind and body.
Wilhelm Wundt
He focuses on perception and conscientiousness and objective introspection.
Objective introspection
the process of recording thoughts, feelings and sensory experiences.
Edward Titchener
He broke consciousness into physical sensations, feelings, and images. Structuralism.
Structuralism
emphasizes the analysis of consciousness into its basic components.
William James
rejected structuralism. All three things flow together. Functionalism.
Functionalism
attempt to learn how individual to learn how individual functions in society.
Biological
Perspective that mind and body are interrelated. Both nature/nurture influence traits/disorders.
Behavioral
Perspective that is objective, does not intake thoughts.
Cognitive
Perspective that focuses on the importance of how people think.
Serial processing
step by step processing
Parallel processing
all mental processes occur at once.
Humanistic
Perspective that emphasizes potential for individual growth and change. Focuses on self awareness and free will.
Self concept
who the person is
Ideal self
who the person aspires to be
Psychodynamic
Perspective on the consciousness and unconsciousness.
Sociocultural
Perspective that human activities take peace in cultural contexts. Cross culture phenomena. Universal themes.
Evolutionary
Perspective that origins of behavior patterns are due to reproductive success.
Reproductive success
species are programmed to produce offspring who can successfully reproduce themselves.