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Basic Vocabulary


recessed decorative panels on the inside surface of a dome or ceiling

picture plane

the plane that is in the foreground of a drawing or painting

one-point perspective

A method of realistic drawing in which the part of an object closest to the viewer is a planar face, and all the lines describing sides perpendicular to that face can be extended back to converge at one point, the vanishing point


using dark and light to create the illusion of depth


Full-scale preparatory drawing for a fresco or mural.


Painting technique in which contours are enveloped in a suggestive, smoke-like haze


the roughly triangular space enclosed by the curves of adjacent arches and a horizontal member connecting their vertexes


A semi-circular wall area, framed by an arch over a door or window. Can be either plain or decorated.


a molding at the corner between the ceiling and the top of a wall


A flat, rectangular, vertical member projecting from a wall of which it forms a part. It usually has a base and a capital and is often fluted


In classical architecture, the lintel or lowest part of an entablature, sometimes called the epistyle.


a roofed arcade or gallery with open sides stretching along the front or side of a building


a design that consists of recurring shapes or colors


pigment mixed with water-soluble glutinous materials such as size and egg yolk


the painted or sculpted lower portion of an altarpiece that relates to the subjects of the upper portion


etching designs on a metal plate


a shaped or sculpted strip with varying contours and patterns. Used as decoration on architecture, furniture, frames, and other objects


an oval around a name that magicaly protected it, used for high ranking people


series of paintings on a single allegorical subject


tower-shaped projections on a castle

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