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16th Century Renaissance

Basic Vocabulary
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coffered
recessed decorative panels on the inside surface of a dome or ceiling
picture plane
the plane that is in the foreground of a drawing or painting
one-point perspective
A method of realistic drawing in which the part of an object closest to the viewer is a planar face, and all the lines describing sides perpendicular to that face can be extended back to converge at one point, the vanishing point
chiaroscuro
using dark and light to create the illusion of depth
cartoon
Full-scale preparatory drawing for a fresco or mural.
sfumato
Painting technique in which contours are enveloped in a suggestive, smoke-like haze
spandrels
the roughly triangular space enclosed by the curves of adjacent arches and a horizontal member connecting their vertexes
lunettes
A semi-circular wall area, framed by an arch over a door or window. Can be either plain or decorated.
cornice
a molding at the corner between the ceiling and the top of a wall
pilasters
A flat, rectangular, vertical member projecting from a wall of which it forms a part. It usually has a base and a capital and is often fluted
architraves
In classical architecture, the lintel or lowest part of an entablature, sometimes called the epistyle.
loggia
a roofed arcade or gallery with open sides stretching along the front or side of a building
motif
a design that consists of recurring shapes or colors
tempera
pigment mixed with water-soluble glutinous materials such as size and egg yolk
predella
the painted or sculpted lower portion of an altarpiece that relates to the subjects of the upper portion
engravings
etching designs on a metal plate
moldings
a shaped or sculpted strip with varying contours and patterns. Used as decoration on architecture, furniture, frames, and other objects
cartouches
an oval around a name that magicaly protected it, used for high ranking people
cycles
series of paintings on a single allegorical subject
turrets
tower-shaped projections on a castle