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5.2 - Academic Vocabulary
Terms in this set (20)
Acuity ~ Less celebrated in both his own day and ours, Adams' quiet place among the Founding Fathers is related to the acuity and depth of his political analysis that survives in his extraordinarily voluminous writings.
noun ~ the ability to hear, see, or think accurately and clearly
Adulation ~ His letter that criticized President Adams' "unbounded thirst for ridiculous pomp, foolish adulation, and self avarice" caused him to be imprisoned.
noun ~ a lot of praise for someone
Agrarian ~ Jefferson's thinking, however, was not merely celebratory, for he saw two dangerous threats to his ideal agrarian democracy.
adjective ~ relating to the land, especially the use of land for farming
Beneficiary ~ Finally, because the beneficiaries of his innovative economic policies were concentrated in the northeast, they threatened to stimulate divisive geographic differences in the new nation.
noun ~ a person or group who receives money or other benefits
Capitol ~ His grand plan gave pride of place to the capitol building which would stand on a hill overlooking the flatlands around the Potomac.
noun ~ the building where a legislature or congress meets
Coincidental ~ Not coincidentally, non-English ethnic groups had been among the core supporters of the Democratic-Republicans in 1796.
adjective ~ by chance
Divisive ~ Finally, because the beneficiaries of his innovative economic policies were concentrated in the northeast, they threatened to stimulate divisive geographic differences in the new nation.
adjective ~ tending to cause disagreements separating people into opposing groups
Elite ~ While Hamilton's policies encouraged the consolidation of economic power in the hands of bankers, financiers, and merchants who predominated in the urban northeast, the political capital was to be in a more southerly and agricultural region apart from those economic elites.
noun ~ the upper class
Exacerbate ~ In one of the more unusual stories of American history, Aaron Burr, who had a long antagonistic relationship with Alexander Hamilton that was exacerbated by Hamilton's role in the 1800 election, shot and killed him in a duel.
verb ~ to make something that is already bad worse
Financier ~ Even Madison, who had worked closely with Hamilton in co-authoring The Federalist Papers, thought the public debt repayment plan gave too big a windfall to wealthy financiers.
noun ~ someone who controls a large amount of money and can give or lend it to people or businesses
Fledgling ~ This protectionist policy would help fledgling American producers to compete with inexpensive European imports.
adjective ~ a person or organization that is immature, inexperienced, or underdeveloped.
Forefront ~ Since 1765, Adams had been at the forefront of what would become the Revolutionary movement.
noun ~ the lead spot or place in front of a group
Pervasive ~ For all his greatness, Jefferson did not transcend the pervasive racism of his day.
adjective ~ spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people.
Pinpoint ~ Jefferson pinpointed a deeply troubling problem.
verb ~ to discover or establish or point out something exactly
Pivotal ~ Political leaders and parties played a pivotal role shaping the new nation because they could serve as outlets for large numbers of people to express their opinions about issues of public significance.
adjective ~ important because other things depend on it
Repression ~ Adams took strong steps in response including severe repression of domestic protests.
noun ~ the use of force or violence to control a group of people
Speculator ~ Many feared it would fall under the influence of wealthy, urban Northeasterners and speculators from overseas.
noun ~ one who makes risky investments in the hopes of high profits
Touchstone ~ Regardless, with the support of President Washington, Hamilton's economic philosophies became touchstones of the modern American capitalist economy.
noun ~ a standard of something used to compare others
Tranquility ~ As one Federalist in Congress declared, there was no need to "invite hordes of Wild Irishmen, nor the turbulent and disorderly of all the world, to come here with a basic view to distract our tranquility."
adjective ~ calm, quiet, and peaceful
Windfall ~ Even Madison, who had worked closely with Hamilton in co-authoring The Federalist Papers, thought the public debt repayment plan gave too big a windfall to wealthy financiers.
noun ~ a large amount of money that you receive unexpectedly
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From the list below, supply the words needed to complete the paragraph. Some words will not be used. genial novice enraptured juggernaut nocturnal martial obstreperous levity B. despite her position as regional manager for Tyndall Systems, Shawna felt like a[n] ___ every time she attended the monthly sales meeting Tyndall corporate headquarters. Perhaps she was just getting old, she reasoned, but she knew that few could endure her nearly ___ schedule of working late into the night on six days out of the week. Tyndall was a[n] ___ in the information technology arena, buying and consolidating other corporations and firing dissenters with impunity. Shawna told her husband that she would retire in two years, she hoped in time to mitigate their rapidly multiplying ___ problems. She was no longer the hard worker that Tyndall wanted for managing a regional hub, and the stress from trying to meet the demand had caused her once ___ manner to reverse-not that she needed it any more at the office. District sales meetings were not a place for ___; the twelve other managers spoke and carried themselves like assertive robots, rarely allowing jokes or laughter to interrupt their lengthy meetings. The single and most recent show of emotion at the meeting occurred when the vice president fired one of the managers on the spot, and the security guards had to drag him, ___ and screaming, out of the conference room.
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