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AP Psychology Emotion
Terms in this set (36)
a response of the whole organism, involving (1) psychological arousal, (2) expressive behaviors, and (3) conscious experience.
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli
the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers (1) physiological responses and (2) the subjective experience of emotion.
Schachter's theory that to experience emotion one must (1) be physically aroused and (2) cognitively label the arousal
emotional release. In psychology, the catharsis hypothesis maintains that "releasing" aggressive energy (through action or fantasy) relieves aggressive urges.
feel-good, do-good phenomenon
people's tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood
self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life. Used along with measures of objective well-being (for example, physical and economic indicators) to evaluate people's quality of life.
our tendency to form judgments (of sounds, of lights, of income) relative to a neutral level defined by our prior experience
the perception that one is worse off relative to those with whom one compares oneself
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 470)
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 470)
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 471)
metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex biological mechanisms that operate via the autonomic nervous system to offset disrupting changes
are positive or negative environmental stimuli that motivate behavior, (p. 336)
Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active
the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When its level is low, we feel hunger. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 475)
the point at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 476)
Basal Metabolic rate
the minimum amount of energy required by the body in a day
Hormone produced by the pancreas that is released when stimulated by elevated glucose levels. This hormone decreases blood sugar levels by accelerating the transport of glucose into the body cells where it is oxidized for energy or converted to glycogen or fat for storage.
hormone that signals the hypothalamus and brain stem to reduce appetite and increase the amount of energy used
a hunger-triggering hormone secreted by the hypothalamus.
a hormone secreted by an empty stomach that sends signals to the brain when a person is hungry.
a hormone in the digestive tract which tells the brain when a person is not hungry.
a completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills.
The procuring of services or products, such as the parts used in manufacturing a motor vehicle, from an outside supplier or manufacturer in order to cut costs
industrial-organizational (I/O) psychology
the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 499)
a subfield of I/O psychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and development
a subfield of I/O psychology that examines organizational influences on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilitates organizational change
interview processs that asks the same job related quenstions of all applicants each of whom is rated on established scales
a desire for significant accomplishment: for mastery of things, people, or ideas; for attaining a high standard
goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals.
group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support
assumes that workers are basically lazy, error-prone, and extrinsically motivated by money and, thus, should be directed from above.
assumes that, given challenge and freedom, workers are motivated to achieve self-esteem and to demonstrate their competence and creativity.
positive stereotypes efficiently link emotions (pride in identity) and actions (buying specific product)
stereotypes are problematic when people feel that they reduce them to generic types or inhuman objects
This set is often in folders with...
AP Psychology - Motivation
AP Psychology Personality
AP Psychology Motivation & Emotion
AP Psychology Sensation & Perception
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