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23 terms

Ch 6 Public Opinion

STUDY
PLAY
public opinion
distribution of the population's beliefs about politics and policy issues
demography
the science of population changes
census
a valuable tool for understanding demographic changes. Const requires that the government conduct an "actual enumeration" of the population every ten years
minority majority
the emergence of a non-Caucasion majority
political culture
an overall set of values widely shared within a society
reapportionment
process of reallocating seats in the HofR every 10 years based on results of census
political socialization
process by which a young person acquires political orientation as they grow up, based on inputs from parents, teachers, media and friends
sample
relatively small proportion of people who are chosen in a survey so as to be representative of the whole
random sampling
key technique of surveyors, which operate on principles that everyone should have an equal probability of being selected for sample
sampling error
level of confidence in findings of a public opinion poll. More people sampled, more confident
exit poll
pub opinion surveys used by major media pollsters to predict electoral winners with speed and precision
political ideology
a coherent set of beliefs about politics, public policy, and public purpose. It helps give meaning to political events personalities and policies
gender gap
regulatory pattern by which women are more likely to support Dem candidates. Women tend to be signifcantly less conservative than men
political participation
all activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue
protest
a form of political participation designed to achieve policy change through dramatic and unconventional tactics
civil disobedience
a form of political participation that reflects a conscious decision to break a law believed to be immoral and to suffer the consequences
push poll
a "poll" taken for the purpose of providing information on an opponent that would lead the respondents to vote against the candidate
stratified sampling
a variation of random sampling; Census data are used to divide the country into four sampling regions. Sets of counties and standard metro statisitical areas are then randomly selected in proportion to the total national population
straw poll
unscientific survey used to gauge public opinion on a variety of issues and policies
tracking polls
continuous surveys that enable a campaign to chart its rise or fall in support over time
conservative
one who believes that a government is best that governs least and that big gov only infringes on individual, personal, and economic rights; believes in lower taxes, strong natl defense
liberal
one who adheres to a political ideology that prefers a gov active in the economy and the provision of a human and social services and that takes an activist role in protecting the rights of the disadvantaged and the environment
libertarian
one who favors a free market economy and absolutely no government interference with personal liberties