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56 terms

anatomy and physiology

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protoplasm
cells are made up of a colorless jellylike substance in which food elements such as protein, fats, carbohydrates, mineral salt, and water are present
nucleus cytoplasm and cell membrane
the principal parts of the cell
nucleus
the center of the cell contains the which plays an imprortant role in cell reproduction
cytoplasm
tthe protoplasm of a cell that surrounds the nucleus
mitosis
the process by which cells reproduce by divding inot two identical cells called daughter cells is
food oxygen and water
cells will continue to grow and thrive as long as they are favored with the proper temperature, they eliminate waste products, and are favored with an adequate supply of
metabolism
the comples chemical process whereby body cells are nourished and supplied with energy needed to carry on their many activities
anabolism
the process of building up larger molecules from smaller onces, during which the body stores food,water, and oxygen for the time when they are needed for cell growth and repair q
catabolism
the process of breaking down of larger substances or molecules into smaller ones
liquid
tissue that carries food, waste products, and hormones through the body is known
tissues
groups of cell of the same king
digestion
energy can be stored by special molecules and used for muscle contraction, secretion, or heat production
epithelial
the protective cobering on body surfaces such as the skin, muccous membranes, linings of the heart, digestive and resipiratory organs and glands is
nerve
tissue that carries messages to and from the brain and controls and corrdinates all body funtcions is
connective tissue
that which supports, protects, and binds together other tissue of the body is
organs
structures of the body that are designed to accomplish a specific function
systems
groups of organs taht cooperate for a common purpose, namely the welfare of the entire body are
skin
another name for integumantary symstem
bones
another name for skeletal system
bloody supply
another name for teh circulatory system
digestive
the stomach and intestines are
8
the cranium is made up of how many bones
frontal
what bone forms the forehead
parietal
the bones that form the sides and top of the cranium
temporal
the bones that form the sides of the head in the ear region
maxillae
the bones of the upper jaw
mandible
the largest and strongest bone of the face is
occiptal
the hindmost bone of the skull
humerus
the uppermost and largest bone of the
myology
the study of the structure, functions, and diseases of the muscles
origin, insertion, belly
the three parts of a muscle
orbicularis occuli
the muscle that enables you to close your eyes
epicranius
the broad muscle that covers the top of the skull
straited
another name for voluntary muscles that can be controlled by the will
mandible
the lower jaw bone which is the largest and strongest bone of the face and forms the lower jaw
epicranial aponeurosis
the tendon that connects the occipitalis and the frontalis
masseter and temporalis
the muscles that coordinate in opening and closing the mouth
frontalis
the front portion of the epicranius
corrugator
the muscle that draws the eyebrow down and wrinkles the forehead vertically
buccinator
the mucle of the cheeck between the upper and lower jaw that compresses the cheecks and expels air between the lips
all the above
muscular tissue can be stimulated
platysma
the broad muscle taht extends from teh chest and shoulder muscles to the side of the chin; responsible for lowering the lower jaw and lip
sternocleidomastoideus
the muscle that rotates and bends the head, as in nodding
deltoid
the large, thick trangular-shaped muscle that covers the shoulder and lifts and turns the arm outward
biceps
the muscles that produce the contour of teh front and inner side of the upper arm, lifts the forearm and flexes the elbow
supinators
thet muscle that turns the hand outward and the palm upward is
extensors
the muscles that straighten the wrist, hand and the fingers to form a straight line are called
abductor
the muscles located at the base of each digit that separate the fingers
opponent
the mscles that involve the bending of the wrist
trapezius
the muscles that assist in the swinging of the arms
platysma
a muscle covering the back of the neck and upper and middle region of the back that rotates and controls the swinging of the arms
lower leg
the gastrocnemius muscle is located in the
blood vascular system
the system that involves the heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins
circulatory system
the system that controls that steady circulation of blood through the body by means of the heart and blood vessels is
pulmonary circulation
the blood circulatory system that sends blood form the heart to the lungs to be purified is the
aorta
the largest artery in the human body is the