55 terms

1301 Chapter 15

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The first state to secede from the Union after the election of Abraham Lincoln was
South Carolina.
Which of the following states was NOT one of the first seven to secede from the Union in 1860?
Virginia.
Which of the following men was the first president of the Confederacy?
Jefferson Davis.
The first shots of the Civil War were fired at
Fort Sumter.
Which of the following states was NOT among the states to secede after the firing on Fort Sumter?
Kentucky.
The capital of the Confederacy was?
Richmond.
The first major battle of the war at Bull Run resulted in
Confederate victory.
The bloodiest one-day battle of the war was
Antietam.
Which of the following battles gave the North control of the Mississippi River?
Vicksburg.
The diplomatic goal of the Union was
to prevent European nations from recognizing and aiding the Confederacy.
The Emancipation Proclamation purported to free
only the slaves in areas controlled by the Confederacy.
During the war, the North
was plagued by a series of violent anti-draft riots.
Many wealthy northerners and southerners avoided military service in the war by
supplying hired substitutes.
The most effective Union general was
Ulysses S. Grant.
What was the most pervasive effect of the war on northern society?
It encouraged an "organizational revolution."
After the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, southerners who believed the slave states should act as a unit rather than as individual states were known as the
cooperationists.
Which of the following statements does NOT accurately describe the Confederate constitution?
The Confederate constitution abolished the Three-Fifths Clause in favor of counting all slaves in determining congressional representation.
As an attempt at keeping the peace, the _______________ proposed the extension of the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific to guarantee the protection of slavery in the southwestern territories and in any territories south of the line that might be acquired in the future.
Crittenden Compromise.
The refusal of President Lincoln and other Republicans in Congress to compromise after the secession of the first seven southern states was based on a belief that
the secession movement was a conspiracy that reflected the will of only a minority of white southerners.
What prompted the first seven states to secede from the Union?
Lincoln's election to the presidency.
General Ulysses S. Grant first came to prominence as the commander of the Union effort to
capture the Mississippi Valley.
Which of the following statements does NOT accurately describe the situation both the North and the South faced at the outset of the war?
Both sides realized the importance of utilizing black soldiers.
The Civil War has been called a "total war" because
the North could win only by defeating the South so thoroughly that its separatist government would be overthrown.
As a leader, Jefferson Davis
proved incapable of handling the Confederacy's home front problems.
Which of the following was a member of Congress who was arrested by the Lincoln administration for opposing the administration's war effort?
Clement Vallandigham.
During the Civil War, how many African Americans served in the Union army?
200,000
Which of the following was NOT true of African American soldiers in the Union army?
Most were free Blacks living in the North when the war began.
Northerners suspected of being indifferent or hostile to the Union cause were known as
Copperheads.
In 1863, one of the bloodiest domestic riots in the United States occurred in what city where 120 died as Irish-American laborers attacked African Americans in a protest of the draft?
New York.
During the war, northern women pushed the boundaries of their traditional roles by participating on the home front as fund-raisers and in the rear lines as army nurses and members of the
Sanitary Commission.
John Crittenden's compromise proposal of 1861 recommended that
the Missouri Compromise line be extended to the Pacific.
The Confederate constitution denied its central government the authority to do any of the following EXCEPT
make treaties and conduct foreign diplomacy.
All of the following slave states remained within the Union EXCEPT
Tennessee.
The most significant consequence of the attack at Fort Sumter was that it
evoked strong feelings of patriotism and dedication to the Union among northerners.
During the Civil War, the Union had all of the following advantages EXCEPT
The North had an advantage in all of the above.
Which best describes the comparison most historians make between the effectiveness of Presidents Jefferson Davis and Abraham Lincoln?
Lincoln was a much more effective leader than Davis.
Which two major turning-point battles of the Civil War both occurred around July 4th of 1863?
Vicksburg and Gettysburg.
An effect of the Battle of Antietam was
Lincoln replaced General McClellan with General Burnside.
At the beginning of the war, Lincoln decided on a two-front war strategy against the Confederacy, focusing Union troops and efforts in
Virginia and along the Mississippi Valley.
At the beginning of the war, Lincoln decided on a two-front war strategy against the Confederacy, focusing Union troops and efforts in
Democrat.
The Copperheads were
northerners who opposed the war.
In 1865, Union troops made their final push against Richmond when they captured _____ after a long siege.
Petersburg.
Which of the following statements does NOT describe the Civil War correctly?
It was a war between slave states and free states.
Which of the following was NOT a domestic policy of the Republican congresses in power during the Civil War?
enacting a balanced budget.
How did the Emancipation Proclamation change the war for the Union?
It committed the Union to the abolition of slavery as a war aim.
Cooperationists believed that the slave states should act as a unit.
True.
Mississippi seceded in the first wave of states to secede from the Union.
True.
Some in the South predicted that all of the North except New England would eventually transfer its loyalty to the new Confederate government.
True.
The first overall military commander of the Union army was General Winfield Scott.
True.
Because the thought of war was tremendously unpopular in the North from the outset, Lincoln was forced to begin a military draft immediately following the firing at Fort Sumter.
False
Robert E. Lee chose the Confederacy over the union because he was a staunch supporter of slavery.
False.
Lincoln's popularity was in doubt until a series of Northern victories united Republicans as well as northern Democrats for him in the election of 1864.
True.
The Emancipation Proclamation did not immediately free a single slave.
True.
The Southern defeats at Vicksburg and Chancellorsville signaled the Confederacy was collapsing.
False.
Before the war ended, President Lincoln pressed for a constitutional amendment that would outlaw involuntary servitude.
True.
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