24 terms

Quiz- Ancient Greek Architecture

Key vocabulary and images for Greek architecture
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Doric Order
The oldest and simplest style of Greek architecture, shown by their lack of base, plain capital and large column size, with metopes and triglyphs.
Ionic Order
Greek architectural style that features a slender fluted column shaft, capitals with volutes (spiral scroll-like ornaments) and a base.
Corinthian Order
The most ornate of the Greek architectural styles, characterized by slender, fluted columns and highly decorative capitals with an acanthus leaf design and volutes.
Acanthus leaf
Leaf forms at the base of a Corinthian capital (the top of the column) that curl outward
Echinus
The lower half of a Doric capital (the top of the column) that slopes upward and sits like a cushion beneath the abacus (the slab at the top of the capital)
Stylobate
The upper platform of the temple on which the column was stood, a.k.a. the top layer of the floor
Stereobate
The steps below the stylobate leading up to the temple acting as a foundation to the columns.
Pediment
The triangular upper part of the temple, usually containing sculptures depicting a story relating to the associated god. Rests on the cornice (the top part of the entabulature) and includes the raking cornice
Boss
Protruding knob (such as the one at the top of a Corinthian capital)
Rosette
Floral decoration above the acanthus leaves (leaves that start at the base of the capital and curl out a little), between the volutes (snail shapes) and below the boss (small protruding knob) and abacus (slab at the top of the capital), used in the Corinthian capital, not the Ionic or Doric capitals (top part of the column)
Entabulature
The upper section of a classical building, resting on the columns and constituting the architrave, frieze, and cornice
Shaft
The vertical segment of a column between the base and the capital.
Flute
The grooved decoration on the column shaft
Raking Cornice/Geison
The top layer of the pediment (the triangular roof portion), extends a bit beyond the rest of the building
Capital
The often decorated part of the column above the shaft and below the architrave which changes in style depending on whether the temple is Doric, Ionic or Corinthian.
Cornice/Geison
The top layer of the entabulature (the part of the building that rests on the capitals of the columns and supports the pediment), extends out a little beyond the rest of the entabulature
Base
The bottom part of the Ionic and Corinthian columns (Doric columns do not have a base), rests on the stylobate (the top layer of the floor/platform)
Abacus
A flat slab placed horizontally on top of the capital of a column, supporting the architrave (the bottom layer of the entabulature)
Architrave/epistyle
The lower part of the entablature supporting the frieze. It rests on the capitals of the columns
Metopes
Part of the frieze (the decorated middle layer of the entabulature) in the Doric order, alternating with triglyphs (panels with three vertical lines). Usually decorated with relief sculpture
Frieze
The middle layer of the entabulature (the part of the building beneath the pediment that rests on the capitals of the columns) usually decorated with relief sculptures
Triglyphs
Part of the frieze (the decorated middle layer of the entabulature) in the Doric order. They are panels with three vertical lines placed in between the metopes (the decorated panels)
Volute
A curlicue/snail shape in the Ionic and Corinthian capitals (the top of the column)
Column
Includes the base (except in the Doric order, which does not include a base), shaft (long thin portion, often decorated with grooves called flutes) and the capital. Rests on the stylobate and supports the entabulature

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