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Terms in this set (80)
popular view of science
Established, formal process with lots of clear-cut procedures
Formative view of science
Evolving enterprise; procedures emerge and develop gradually as do research concepts, ideas and skills
AKA inductive reasoning. Begin with specific observations, then infer an explanation or a theory. Specific (observations) to general (theory)
AKA deductive reasoning. Begin with a theory or prediction, then perform experiments to see whether it can be proven true through specific observations.
General (theory) to Specific (observed measurements)
inductive reasoning (rationalism)
scientists use _______ to form hypotheses and theories.
deductive reasoning (empiricism)
Scientists use _______ to apply the theories to specific situations
a set of statements concerning a functional relationship with independent variables (input) and dependent variables (output). Validated by evidence.
order, determinism, discoverability
what are the 3 assumptions underpinning the scientific method?
measured along a continuum. e.g., number of times eye contact was made with a caregiver in 30 minutes.
not measured along a continuum, rather a variable that only breaks down into categories. e.g., aphasic vs non-aphasic.
variable being manipulated (controlled/changed): input
variable being measured: output
Manipulating the independent variable is called applying the "_______"
What axis are the dependent variables almost always on?
What axis are the independent variables almost always on?
Recommended textbook explanations
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
Myers' Psychology for the AP Course
David G Myers
A Concise Introduction To Logic (Mindtap Course List)
Lori Watson, Patrick J. Hurley
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
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