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Politics of the United States
Terms in this set (50)
Which scenario most likely represents a gateway to democracy?
a. Efforts to increase turnout in elections
Laws that regulate the American economy, social issues, and political participation are all examples of what governmental action?
What is the first stage in the public policy process?
Identify the problem
Which U.S. president acted as a defense lawyer for British soldiers charged with murder before the Revolution?
The rule of law principle holds that all people are equal before the law.
According to British political philosopher John Locke, life, liberty, and property are what kind of rights?
Why was direct democracy not used in Colonial America?
It was impractical in a large country.
By what other name did the Framers call a representative democracy?
Which branch of government is charged with making laws?
In Korematsu v. United States (1944), the Supreme Court upheld the government's decision to place Japanese Americans, no matter their citizenship, into internment camps. Which branch of government was interpreting the law?
Franklin D. Roosevelt is the only American president to serve more than two terms in office (he was elected four times). From 1933 until 1945, Roosevelt served as the head of which branch of the federal government?
Each branch has some power over the other two branches. What is this system called?
Checks and balances
The Constitution divides power horizontally within the national government. What is this arrangement called?
Separation of powers
Lakshmi's in-laws oppose abortion, disagree with same-sex marriage, and fear that too much government will suppress their individual freedoms. Which end of the political ideology scale do Lakshmi's in-laws likely fall?
Most Americans do not see themselves as either conservative or liberal, but somewhere in the middle of the ideological scale. What label best describes these people?
In which economic system are business enterprises and key industries privately owned?
After travelling to the United States to investigate the American experiment in the nineteenth century, who wrote the book Democracy in America, which observes American politics and praises the extent to which individual Americans participate in political life?
In every chapter of this textbook, the authors ask this question: does American democracy work? To help answer this question, the authors focus on which two basic themes?
Responsiveness and equality
Clean air and water, lighthouses, and highway systems are examples of what type of goods?
As a student, you might take political action in favor of government-backed, student financial aid. On what would your political involvement likely be based?
When citizens get involved in the political process by joining volunteer organizations, they are engaging in a social contract.
Born in 1980, Rafael volunteers at his local YMCA, never attends church, and doesn't identify with either major political party in the United States. Of which generation is Rafael most likely affiliated?
Which statement accurately reflects the cost of a four-year public college since the 1980s?
It has increased over this time.
In the United States, educational opportunity is linked to
How did the tea party initially align itself?
In a modern democracy, which document sets forth basic rules and procedures for how the people of a country shall be governed?
Prior to the American Revolution, how were British views on political participation and representation different from those of the American colonists?
The British had a more limited view of participation and representation.
Why did Benjamin Franklin assemble the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia in 1774?
To send a list of grievances to King George III
What was the purpose of Thomas Paine's Common Sense, the most widely distributed pamphlet of its time?
It called for independence from Britain.
"The United States in Congress assembled shall also have the sole and exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy and value of coin struck by their own authority [...and] regulating the trade and managing all affairs with the Indians." Which document, unanimously adopted by the Continental Congress in 1781, is quoted here?
The Articles of Confederation
Which plan for new government proposed a strong central government with a national executive and a national judiciary, both chosen by the legislature?
Countering the Virginia Plan, which proposal for new government strengthened the Articles by providing Congress with the authority to regulate commerce and to directly tax imports and paper items?
New Jersey Plan
At the time of the Constitutional Convention, the Constitution gave Congress the authority to veto state laws.
What best describes the Electoral College in the United States?
The president is elected by electors, selected by each state, representing the votes of their state.
Which amendment granted the American people the right to elect senators directly?
Born and raised in Alaska and still a proud resident of the state, Lenore cannot wait until her 25th birthday so she can run for a two-year term in Congress. Which chamber of Congress does Lenore want to join?
House of Representatives
What is required for Congress to override the president's veto?
A two-thirds majority in each chamber
In January of 2016, 34-year-old Brian Russell, a self-employed investment banker from Florida, decided to run for president of the United States. Is Russell old enough to take office as president?
Yes, if Russell turns age 35 before January 2017
One very important check the president has on the authority of the legislature is the
Which landmark Supreme Court case gave rise to judicial review, which is the authority of the Court to strike down any law passed by Congress when the Court believes the law violates the Constitution?
Marbury v. Madison
The system of separation of powers divides power within the federal government among the three branches of government.
From roughly 2008 to 2018, a Connecticut court was overwhelmed with more than 7,000 petitions from prisoners who wanted to be brought before a judge to determine if their imprisonment was lawful. What are these petitions called?
Individuals who opposed the ratification of the proposed Constitution became known as
Which provision, specifying Congress' taxation powers, particularly alarmed Antifederalists?
The general welfare clause
The Antifederalists who opposed the Constitution were perhaps most concerned that the document
lacked a bill of rights
Known as the Civil War Amendments, which three amendments addressed issues related to former slaves, due process rights, and voting rights?
Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth
In the 1870s, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony founded the National Woman Suffrage Association and created and produced a weekly publication called The Revolution that centered on women's rights. In 1872, Anthony voted illegally in the presidential election. For which amendment did Stanton and Anthony help pave the way?
When the majority in Congress is from a different party than the president, there is a(n)
Which statement is true of voting rights in 1787?
The states differed as to whether women and free blacks could vote
Today, political participation is much more widespread than in 1787.
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