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45 terms

California History-Social Science Standards

Doherty Extra Credit Test
STUDY
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Democracy
People govern themselves through councils and agreed upon laws
Direct democracy
citizens represent themselves directly at councils
Republic
An indirect democracy in which citizens rule through representatives whom they elect; used by ancient Rome
Whose views? Participation in government, natural laws, branches of government, written law
Greco-Roman
Whose views? Worth and dignity, ability to choose between good/bad, responsibility to help others
Judeo-Christian Views
Lovers of wisdom
Philosophers (Ancient Greece)
Who said that a tyrant becomes troublesome when he loves his power so much that he takes drastic measures to maintain it?
Plato (wrote The Republic)
Plato's student, wrote Politics
Aristotle
Tyrant
Any leader who took over a government
Federalism
The national government and the state governments share power
Popular sovereignty
The government gets its authority from the people and reflects their will
Example of Federalism in the world today
South Africa
Example of separation of powers in world today
South Korea
Example of Popular sovereignty in world today
Japanese Constitution
Example of individual rights in world today
United nations Declaration of Human Rights
Which philosopher? Natural rights, governments job to protect rights, gets authority from the people
John Locke of England
Which philosopher? Separation of powers
Montesquieu
Which philosopher? Social contract between citizens/gov,
Rosseau
Who did John Locke influence?
Thomas Jefferson
Who did Montesquieu influence?
James Madison
Who did Rosseau/Locke influence?
Simon Bolivar (Venezuela's liberation from Spanish ruler)
Principles of what? Limited king's power, due process of law, no taxes w/o consent of council
Magna Carta (England, 1215)
Principles of what? Free elections & meetings of parliament, representative governments, no cruel punishment
English Bill of Rights (1689)
Principles of what? unalienable rights, popular sovereignty
American Declaration of Independence (1776)
Why did Industrial Revolution begin in England?
Economic strength, geography and natural resources, population growth, political stability,
Who improved the steam engine?
James Watt
Who invented the cotton gin?
Eli Whitney
Significance of the Bessemer process?
Quickly and cheaply made steel out of iron
Significance of pasteurization?
Increased the shelf life of milk and other products
Who improved electric light?
Thomas Edison
Reasons for biggest population ever at the time of the industrial revolution
18th century agricultural improvements which ended periodic famines that kept down population
Evolution of Work & Labor
Demise of slave trade, immigration, division of labor, union movement
Union
organization that speaks for the workers it represents
Capitalism
Economic system that emphasizes profit and private ownership
Utopianism
People live and work together, sharing goods and properties
Socialism
The factors of production are owned by the people, at least in part, and are used for the benefit of all
Communism
Workers should take control of all the factors of production (type of socialism)
Social Democracy
Government plays a role in the managing production and provides certain social services
Classicism
Sought to imitate arts of ancient Greece/Rome; prized tradition, reason & symmetry
Romanticism
Emphasized love of nature, emotional expression, individual experience, and the importance of ordinary people & folk traditions (developed in early 1800s, widely popular)
Social criticism
A Christmas Carol- Dickens; identifies and expresses concern for the problems in society
Great Britain
colonized more land than any other nation; controlled parts of Europe, Asia, African North America, South America & all of Australia
South America controlled by who in 1800?
Spanish and the Portuguese
Berlin Conference of 1884-1885
European countries met to divide Africa; GB/Ger claimed most;
Philippines main use in 1898
Sugar crops (owned by US)