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20 terms

AP Psych Cognition Motivation Emotion review

STUDY
PLAY
Memory
mental processes involved in acquiring, storing, and recovering knowledge; creates an internal record of an experience
Encoding
acquiring info into the memory system
Storage
retaining info over time
Retrieval
recovering info from memory storage
Episodic memory
subdivision of declarative memory that store memories of personal experiences and events
Semantic memory
subdivision of declarative memory that store memories of facts and general knowledge
Proactive interference
moving forward (pro) to interfere with a new memory
Retroactive interference
moving backward (retro) to interfere with an old memory
Elizabeth Loftus
memory distortion in which existing memories can be altered if a person is exposed to misleading info
Henry Molaison
anterograde amnesia; unable to form new memories
Retrograde Amnesia
unable to remember some or all of their past; especially episodic memories for recent events
Mnemoics
strategies for improving memory
Phonemes
smallest distinctive units of sound used in a language (approx 44 for English speakers)
Morphemes
smallest units of meaning in a language (prefix, root word, suffix)
Syntax
grammatical rules for putting words in correct order
Schema
orgqanized mental framework about a particular topic, event, object, idea, setting, or group of people
Script
type of schema that involves the typical sequence of behavior expected at an everyday event
Mental image
mental picture of a previously stored sensory experience
Benjamin Whorf
language may shape a person's thoughts and perceptions (linguistic relativity hypothesis)
Noam Chomsky
young children possess an innate capacity to learn and produce speech