20 terms

AP Psych Cognition Motivation Emotion review

mental processes involved in acquiring, storing, and recovering knowledge; creates an internal record of an experience
acquiring info into the memory system
retaining info over time
recovering info from memory storage
Episodic memory
subdivision of declarative memory that store memories of personal experiences and events
Semantic memory
subdivision of declarative memory that store memories of facts and general knowledge
Proactive interference
moving forward (pro) to interfere with a new memory
Retroactive interference
moving backward (retro) to interfere with an old memory
Elizabeth Loftus
memory distortion in which existing memories can be altered if a person is exposed to misleading info
Henry Molaison
anterograde amnesia; unable to form new memories
Retrograde Amnesia
unable to remember some or all of their past; especially episodic memories for recent events
strategies for improving memory
smallest distinctive units of sound used in a language (approx 44 for English speakers)
smallest units of meaning in a language (prefix, root word, suffix)
grammatical rules for putting words in correct order
orgqanized mental framework about a particular topic, event, object, idea, setting, or group of people
type of schema that involves the typical sequence of behavior expected at an everyday event
Mental image
mental picture of a previously stored sensory experience
Benjamin Whorf
language may shape a person's thoughts and perceptions (linguistic relativity hypothesis)
Noam Chomsky
young children possess an innate capacity to learn and produce speech