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23 terms

ALM quiz 2

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Word painting
the depiction of specific words through music that imitates the meaning of those words, music that imitates, describes or conjures images of the text being sung
Motet
English equivalent of what composers writing for the roman catholic church; in the renaissance, a sacred choral work for the Roman Catholic Church
Anthem
an English sacred choral work
Madrigal
musical setting of a text in a single strophe (stanza)
Golden age of a cappella
...
Counterpoint
style of writing in which every voice is a melody and all voices work together
Imitation (as a musical device)
a shortened form of the term "imitative counterpoint": the same theme introduced by different instruments or voices in succession
Basso continuo
group of instruments accompanying the singer; "continuous bass"; a small ensemble, widely used in music of the baroque, that plays throughout a work and provides an underlying bass line and harmonies. It consists of two instruments: one that can sustain long notes (such as bass viol, a cello, or a bassoon), and one that can play chords (such as a lute or a harpsichord)
Concerto grosso
an instrumental work for a soloist (or group of soloists) and a larger ensemble; Italian for "big concerto"; a concerto with multiple soloists
Ritornello
Italian for "little return"; name for the statement and return of the full ensemble, in a work alternating between the orchestra and soloists or soloists
Brandenburg
Suite - dance movements
a series of individual dance movements, typically in a variety of types such as minuets, gavottes, and gigues, and a variety of charaters such as fast vs. slow, lively vs. stately, duple vs. triple
Winter concerto
for solo violin, an orchestra of string instruments, consists of 3 movements (fast slow fast)
Fugue
a polyphonic work based on a central theme and employing imitation
Subject
central theme of a fugue
Episode
in a fugue, a passage in which the main subject (main theme) is absent
Chorale
melody of the same hymn tune
Cantata
a type of vocal genre typically sung during a service of worship. In Italian: "that which is sung", as opposed to sonata, "that which is played"
Oratorio
a work musically similar to an opera but not staged and usually on a sacred topic
Recitative
a style of singing that lies somewhere between lyrical song and speech; also the operatic number that is sung in this style, aria: Italian for "air" or "melody"; any lyrical movement or piece for solo voice, usually with some kind of instrumental accompaniment
Messiah
(George Frideric Handel Messiah) these selections are a recitative and aria followed by a large, grandchprw
Handel- water music, hornpipe
binary form, performed 3 times in triple meter with accents on weak beats - synccpanuh
Bach- organ fugue in G minor
Figure: a polyphonic work based on a central theme, very common type of composition in the baroque era
Bach- cantata #140
awake, a voice calls to us: first movement = polyphonic, last movement = homophonic; entire piece is a cantata - work sung during a sewice of worship: based on a hymn tune (a chorale when sung in 4 part harmony) closing chorale - sung in homophobic texture; melody is in the top voice, set syllabically in 4 part harmony, instruments of orchestra play some part as the voices sing called doubling