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29 terms

ch 6- key terms

STUDY
PLAY
applied behavior analysis
The systematic application of behavioral principles to change socially significant behavior
behavorial intervention plan
A written plan that contains the details of the strategies to be used in intervention and the assessment methods that will be used to evaluate the program.
bibliotherapy
The use of literature to help people solve problems and deal with feelings, to teach about a particular disability, or to promote social awareness and acceptance of differences.
conduct disorder
A disorder that involves a repetitive and persistent pattern that violates age-appropriate societal norms or the basic rights of others.
contingency contract
An agreement, usually in writing, that specifies consequences for desired performances.
creative dramatics
An improvised drama created by the players.
cross-age tutoring
The tutoring of younger students by older students
differential reinforcment
Positive reinforcement in which the teacher rewards students for performing behaviors other than, or behaviors that are incompatible with, targeted undesirable ones.
dimensional classification system
A classification system for emotional disturbance that includes six categories or dimensions.
externalizing disorders
Disorders that are typically expressed outwardly, including aggression, acting out, and disobedience.
extinction
Withholding positive reinforcement for a previously reinforced response.
independent group contingencies
An instructional grouping method in which group members' individual improvement is evaluated and rewarded.
interdependent group contingencies
An instructional grouping method in which group members' combined performance is evaluated and rewarded.
internalizing disorders
Disorders that are typically expressed inwardly, including personality problems, anxiety, and depression.
moof disorders
A class of disorders that includes manic disorders, depressive disorders, and bipolar disorders.
negative reinforcment
The presentation of an aversive stimulus and then its removal as a consequence of the student's behavior resulting in an increase of the behavior.
pharmacological treatment
The use of medication to help in controlling some emotional or behavioral disorders.
play therapy
The use of a child's play for self-expression and the exploring of feelings to work through troubling experiences, fears, and anxieties.
positive behavior support
A behaviorally based systems change approach to redesigning the environment to minimize problem behaviors.
positive reinforcment
The contingent presentation of a consequence following a student response to increase that response.
premack principle
Positive reinforcement procedure that uses student-preferred activities as reinforcers for performing less preferred activities.
punishment
Contingently applying an aversive consequence following a behavior to reduce the behavior.
recprocal tutoring
A form of tutoring in which students trade off the roles of tutor and tutee.
response cost
The withdrawal of specific numbers of reinforcers contingent on a behavior's occurrence.
reverse- role tutoring
A form of tutoring in which the student with the disability is the tutor.
schizophrenia
A condition characterized by delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized speech and behavior.
time-out
The contingent removal of the student from a positively reinforcing environment for some predetermined amount of time.
token economy
The contingent presentation of something tangible that can be exchanged later for some preferred reinforcer.
universal intervention
An intervention that is used as a general schoolwide or whole classroom strategy for all students with and without disabilities.