How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

26 terms

Socy 121 Exam 3 Study Guide

STUDY
PLAY
Emic perspective
insiders perspective ( more meaningful to people on inside )
Etic Perspective
examining society using concepts, categories, and rules derived from science; an outsider's perspective, which produces analyses that members of the society being studied may not find meaningful
Religion
a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny
Individualistic cults
Cults based on personal relationships between specific individuals and specific supernatural powers
Shamanistic cults
where a specialist (shaman) serves as an intermediary between the supernatural and other members of society
Communal cults
practices whereby groups hold rituals for large parts of the communities where the focus is on the well being of the community
Ecclesiastical cults
societies where there are specialists who lead religious groups; often have a full time specialist, a mediator between the community and the supernatural
World view
the way we think and feel about the world, reality, our experiences
Cosmology
the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe
Rituals
another name for ceremonies or rites
Taboos
prohibitions against behaviors that most members of a group consider to be so repugnant they are unthinkable
Shaman
an ancient doctor, healer, or priest, they were called upon for religious ceremonies
Priest
a clergyman in Christian churches who has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites
World renewal ceremony
the major gathering of riverside villages, redistributed resources to poorer tribal members and appeased supernatural forces in order to avert floods, earthquakes, and failure of the salmon run.
Rites Of passage
social rituals that mark the transition between developmental stages, especially between childhood and adulthood
Cultural systems
subsistence, settlement, economics, politics, social structure, kinship/marriage, sex/gender, religion
Linked changes
Changes in one part of a culture brought about by changes in other parts of the culture.
Inventions/Innovations
change from recombination of existing features within a cult
Diffusion
The process of change in which cultural elements (an object, idea, or behavior pattern) are spread from one society to another society; willingly adopted without force
Acculturation
The process of culture change that occurs when 2 societies come into intensive , sustained contact with one another, usually with a dominate subordinate relationship which means that the changes are often forced onto the subordinate group under external pressure from the dominant group.
Globalization
The trend toward increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.
Cultural Survival
dedicated to desending the human right of indigenous people.
Anthropology
science dealing with the origin, races, customs, and beliefs of humankind
Sociology
the study and classification of human societies
Applied anthropology
the use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical problems, often for a specific client
Applied sociology
The use of the discipline of sociology with the specific intent of yielding practical applications for human behavior and organizations.