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examining society using concepts, categories, and rules derived from science; an outsider's perspective, which produces analyses that members of the society being studied may not find meaningful
Cults based on personal relationships between specific individuals and specific supernatural powers
where a specialist (shaman) serves as an intermediary between the supernatural and other members of society
practices whereby groups hold rituals for large parts of the communities where the focus is on the well being of the community
societies where there are specialists who lead religious groups; often have a full time specialist, a mediator between the community and the supernatural
the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe
prohibitions against behaviors that most members of a group consider to be so repugnant they are unthinkable
a clergyman in Christian churches who has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites
World renewal ceremony
the major gathering of riverside villages, redistributed resources to poorer tribal members and appeased supernatural forces in order to avert floods, earthquakes, and failure of the salmon run.
Rites Of passage
social rituals that mark the transition between developmental stages, especially between childhood and adulthood
subsistence, settlement, economics, politics, social structure, kinship/marriage, sex/gender, religion
Changes in one part of a culture brought about by changes in other parts of the culture.
The process of change in which cultural elements (an object, idea, or behavior pattern) are spread from one society to another society; willingly adopted without force
The process of culture change that occurs when 2 societies come into intensive , sustained contact with one another, usually with a dominate subordinate relationship which means that the changes are often forced onto the subordinate group under external pressure from the dominant group.
The trend toward increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.
the use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical problems, often for a specific client
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