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Slavery and the Antebellum South
Review of Unit 1.1
Terms in this set (27)
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Her book, Uncle Tom's Cabin inflamed the debate on slavery. It drove many in the north to more deeply oppose slavery while people supporting slavery thought it was an unfair representation of slavery. Abe Lincoln was to have said to her "So, you are the little lady who caused this war?"
William Lloyd Garrison
Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society. He felt that slavery violated the Declaration of Independence, Christianity and common sense
people who believed that slavery should be against the law. there was no room to compromise possible with slavery
refers to a group of extremist pro-slavery politicians from the South who emotionally opposed abolitionists as terrorists.
Leader of a slave rebellion in 1831 in Virginia. Revolt led to the deaths of 20 whites and 40 blacks and led to the "gag rule' outlawing any discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives
United States freed slave in South Carolina who was involved in planning an uprising of slaves and was hanged (1767-1822). This would increase the pressure that would be placed on free blacks living in the south
to cause to concentrate around two conflicting or contrasting positions; slavery would have this impact on political debate in the 1850's
Belonging to a period before a war especially the American Civil War.
while it has significant cultural meaning in many places (it marked a person as eligible to be a slave in Antebellum America), it has no biological meaning
coordinated efforts to get work done. Wages are the primary energy behind this today while slavery would dominate plantation agriculture in the antebellum south.
A machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. It would make cotton a most valuable cash crop in the south by the 1830s increasing the value of slavery
The peculiar institution
Another term for slavery; The owning of human beings existed in a country that practiced liberty. The founding fathers thought it would soon die out, but it grew more important with the rise of cotton as a cash crop in the American south
the uneven distribution of resources and privileges among participants in a group or culture. It sets people in various statuses with slave being at the bottom
the idea that blacks were incapable of living independently because of their biology was a ___ argument supporting slavery
South Carolina governor then senator, he argued that slavery was a positive good for both the owner and the slave. His racist beliefs are why Charleston voted to take his statue down in a prominent town square
a system of secret routes used by escaping slaves to reach freedom in the North or in Canada
AME Church (African Methodist Episcopal)
A historically black church that played an important role in supporting free black communities and facilitated the Underground Railroad
American inventor whose work would economically polarize the American economy between the agricultural slave south and the industrial wage labor north.
A document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study.
1817-1894 former slave who was a writer, editor, and leading abolitionists, his accomplishments proved the weakness in racist arguments promoting slavery as a positive good
1835 law passed by Southern congress which made it illegal to talk of abolition or anti-slavery arguments in Congress. Even debating against slavery was seen as dangerous and irresponsible in the south
They worked to return lost property to slave owners and were one of the primary challenges of conductors of the Underground Railroad
Seen as a thief to slave-owners, she was a run-away slave who bravely made 19 trips into the south bringing back slaves to freedom in the north
They were a minority of blacks living in America. They had earned or were granted freedom from slavery and a few had migrated to the country from the Caribbean. They numbered about 1/2 million by 1850 and had to live in a society where they were seen as morally and intellectually inferior by most of their white neighbors.
A run away slave who settled in Meadville, he made his living as a barber, he served to help others find freedom by protecting "passengers" of the underground railroad from capture by slave catchers
Laws that controlled the lives of enslaved African Americans and denied them basic rights. As slavery became more valuable and brutal, they became increasingly restrictive
Code of conduct for knights during the Middle Ages, it formed the basis of honor codes practiced by the upper class of the Antebellum south
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