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Terms in this set (62)
describe two ways to change the view of a document.
you can choose commands from the view menu to zoom in or out of a document or fit to screen. You can use the zoom tool in the tool panel and click or drag over the document. Or you can use keyboard shortcuts
how do you select a tool in illustrator?
you can either click the tool in the tool panel or press the keyboard shortcut. the tool will remain active until you click a different tool.
describe three ways to navigate between art boards in illustrator.
yo cuan choose the artboard number from the artboard navigation menu agh the lower left of the document window. or you can use the artwork navigation arrows to go between next, last, and previous. or you can use the navigator panel to drag the proxy view area to navigate.
how do you save panel locations and visibility preferences?
Window > workspace > new workspace to create custom work areas and to make it easier to find the controls that you need.
describe how arranging document windows can be helpful.
Arranging document windows allows you to tile windows or to cascade document groups. this can be useful if you are working on multiple illustrator files ad you need to compare or share content between them
how do you select an object that has no fill?
you can select an object that has no fill by clicking the stroke or by dragging a marque across the object.
Name two ways you can select an item in a group without choosing object> ungroup.
using the group selection tool, you can click once to select an individual item within a group. click again to ass the next grouped items to the selection. you can also double click the group to enter isolation mode, edit the shapes as needed, then exit isolation mode my pressing escape or double clicking outside the group.
of the two selection tools, which allows you to edit the individual anchor points of an object?
using the direct selection tool you can select one or more individual anchor points and make changes to the shape of an object
what should you do after creating a selection that you are going to use repeatedly?
for any selection you anticipate using again choose, Select> save selection. Name the selection so you can reselect it at any time.
sometimes you are unable to select an object because it is underneath another object. name two was you can get around this issue.
Choose Object> hide> selection to hide the blocking object. The object is hidden in the same position until you choose object> show all. Or you can use the selection tool, while holding command click the overlapping objects until the one you want is selected
to align objects to the artboard, what do you need to first select in the align panel or control panel before you choose an alignment option?
to align objects to an artboard, first select the align to artboard option.
what are the basic tools for creating shapes?
there are six basic shape tools; rectangle, rounded rectangle, ellipse, polygon, star, and flare.
how do you select a shape with no fill?
items without fill can be selected by clicking the stroke or by dragging a marque across the item.
how do you draw a square?
select the rectangle tool in the tools panel. While holding down the shift key drag the square.
how do you change the number of sides on a polygon as you draw?
Select the polygon tool in the tools panel. start dragging the shape, press the up or down buttons to increase or decrease the amount of sides.
name two ways you can combine several shapes into one
using the shape builder tool, you can visually and intuitively merge, delete, fill, and edit overlapping shapes and paths directly in the artwork. Or you can use the pathfinder effects to create new shapes out of overlapping object. You can apply the pathfinder effects by using the effects menu or the pathfinder panel
how can you convery a raster image to editable vector shapes?
by tracing it. to convert the tracing to paths, click expand in the control panel or choose object> image> trace> expand. (use if you want components of traced artwork as individual objects) the resulting paths are grouped
Name two ways to change the size of an existing active artboard
double click the artboard too and edit the dimensions in the artboard options dialog box. Select the artboard tool position the pointer over an edge to corner of the artboard and drag to resize. or select the artboard tools click an artboard in the document window, and change the dimension in the control panel.
how can you rename an artboard?
select the artboard tool and click to select an artboard. Change the name in the name field in the control panel. or double click the name on the artboard in the art boards panel. or click the options button in the art boards panel to enter the name in the artboard options dialog box.
What is the ruler origin?
the point where 0 appears on teach ruler. Bu default the ruler origin is set to be 0 at the top left corner of the active artboard
what is the difference between artoard rulers and global rulers?
there are two types of rulers, artboard rulers and global rulers. Artboard rulers are the default rulers. set the ruler origin in the upper left corner of the active artboard. global rulers set the origin in the upper left of the first artboard.
Briefly describe what the scale stores and effects option does.
found in the transform panel, scales any strokes and effects as the object is scaled. This option can be turned on and off depending on the current need.
name at least three transformations that can be applies wight the free transform tool.
the free transform tool can move, scale, rotate, shear, and distort.
describe how to draw straight vertical, horizontal, or diagonal lines using the pen tool.
to draw a straight line, click twice with the pen tool. the first click sets the starting anchor point, the sec on click sets the ending anchor point of the line. To constrain the line hold the shift key as you click.
how do you draw a curved line with the pen tool?
click to create the first anchor point, drag to set the direction of the curve and then click to end the curve.
how do you draw a corner point on a curved line?
press the option ket and drag the direction handle on the endpoint of the curve to change the direction of the path. continue dragging to draw the next curved segment on the path.
name two ways to convert a smooth point on a curve to a corner point.
Use the direction selection tool to select the anchor point, use the convert anchor point tool to drag a direction hanged on the endpoint of the curve to change the direction of the path. Continue dragging to draw the next curved segment on the path.
which tool would you use to edit a segment on a curved line?
select the direct selection tool and drag the segment to move it. or drag a direction handle on a n achot point to adjust the length and shape of the segment.
how can you change the way the pencil tool works?
double click the pencil tool in the tools panel to open the pencil tool options dialog box. There you can change the smoothness, fidelity, and other options.
Describe what a global color is
a color swatch that, when you edit it, automatically updates all artwork that has it applied. All spot colors are global; however, process colors can be either global or local.
How can you save a color?
you can save a color for painting other objects in your artwork by adding it to the swatches panel. select the color and drag it from the fill box, and drop it over the swatches panel.
how can you choose color harmonies for color inspiration?
you can choose harmonies from the color guide panel. Color harmonies are used to generate a color scheme based on any color you want.
name two things that the recolor artwork dialog box allows you to do
ou use the recolor artwork dialog box to change the colors used in selected artwork, create and edit color groups, or reassign or reduce the colors in your artwork, among other functions
how do you ass pattern swatches to the swatches panel
you can add pattern swatches to the swatches panel either by creating content for the pattern to by deselecting all content and choosing object> pattern> make. in pattern editing mode you can edit the pattern and preview it. you can also drag artwork into the swatch list in the swatches panel.
Explain what live paint allows you to do
live paint lets you paint vector graphics intuitively, by automatically deleting and correcting gaps that might otherwise affect the application of fills and strokes. Paths divide the drawing surface up into areas any of which can be colored, regardless of whether the area is bounded by a single path or by segments of multiple paths
name two methods for creating a text are in adobe illustrator
you can with the type tool click the artboard and start typing when the cursor appears. or with the type tool drag to create a text box. Or with the type tool click a path or closed shape to convert it to text on a path or click in a text area, option clicking when crossing over the stroke of a closed path creates text around the shape.
what does the touch type tool let you do?
it allows you to visually edit certain character formatting options for individual characters in text. you can edit the character rotation kerning baseline shift and horizontal and vertical scale of text.
what is overflow text?
is when text doesn't fit in the type object. A red plus sign in an out port indicated that the object contains additional text.
what is text threading?
allows you to continue text from one object to the next by linking type objects. linked type objects can be of any shape; however, the text must be entered in an area or along a path (not a point)
what is the difference between a character style and paragraph style?
a character style can be applies to selected text only. A paragraph style is applies to an entire paragraph. Paragraph styles are best for indents, margins, and line spacing
what is the advantage of converting text to outlines?
converting text to outlines eliminated the need to send the fonts along with the file when sharing with others
name at least two benefits of using layers when creating artwork
the benefits of using layers are; organizing content, selecting content more easily, protecting artwork that you don't want to change, hiding artwork that you aren't working with so that it's not disturbing, and controlling what prints
how do you hide layers? how of you show individual layers?
click the deselect icon (eye) to the left of the layer name in the layers panel. select the blank, leftmost column, to show a layer
describe how to reorder layers in a file
select a layer name in the layers panel and drag it to a new location.
what is that purpose of changing the color for a layer?
the color of a layer controls how selected anchor points and direction lines are displayed on a layer and helps you identify the different layers in your document.
what happens if you paste a layered file into another file? why is the paste remembers layer option useful?
the paste commands paste layered files or objects copied from different layers into the active layer by default. The paste remembers layers option keeps the original layers intact with the objects are pasted.
how do you create a layer clipping mask?
by selecting the layer and clicking the make/release clipping mask button in the layers panel. The topmost object in the layer becomes the clipping mask.
how do you apply an effect to a layer? how can you edit the effect?
click the target icon for the layer to which you want to apply an effect then choose an effect from the menu by clicking the add new effect button in the appearance panel. to edit the effect make sure that the layer is selected and then click the name of the effect in the appearance panel. the effects dialog box opens and you can change the views.
there are three preset grids. describe briefly what each could be used for.
the three preset grids are one-point perspective(can be useful for roads, railway tracks or buildings viewed so the front is directly facing the viewer), two-point perspective (is useful for drawing a cube, such as a building, or two point roads that go off in the distance) and three-point perspective (is used for buildings seen from above or below, there are many vanishing points)
how can you show or hide the perspective grid?
selecting the perspective grid tool in the tools panel. by choosing view>perspective grid>show grid. or by command+shift+I.
before drawing content on a grid plane, what must be done to ensure that the object is on the correct grid plane.
the correct grid plane must be selected by choosing it in the plane switching widget. or by selecting the grid you want with the perspective selection tool
what does double clicking a grid plane control allow you to do?
it allows you to move the plane. You can specify whether to move the content associated with the plane and whether to coy the content as the plane moves.
how do you move an object perpendicular to the grid?
wight he perspective selection tool, hold down the number 5 key and drag the object perpendicular to the plane
what is a gradient?
is a graduated blend of two or more colors or of tints of the same color. gradients can be applied to the stroke or fill of an object
name two ways to apply a gradient to a selected object.
1. select the stroke or fill box, then the gradient box in the tools panel to fill the object with the default white-to-black gradient or wight he last selected gradient. 2. change the fill color or stroke color in the control panel to apply a gradient to selected content. 3. select the stroke or fill box in the tools panel and then click a gradient swatch in the swatches panel. 4. use the eyedropper tool. 5. select the stroke or fill box in the gradient panel and choose a gradient by the menu arrow.
how do you adjust the blend between colors in a gradient?
wight he gradient tool selected and with the pointer over gradient annotator in the gradient panel you can drag the diamond icons or the color stops of the gradient slider.
name two ways you can aft colors to a gradient
in the gradient panel, click beneath the gradient slider to add a gradient stop to the gradient. the double click the color stop to edit the color using the panel that appears to mix a new color to to apply an existing color swatch, or you can select the gradient tool in the tools panel position the pointer over the gradient filled object and then click beneath the gradient slider that appears in the artwork to add a color stop.
how can you adjust the direction of a gradient?
drag wight eh gradient tool to adjust the direction of a gradient.
what is the difference between a gradient and a blend?
the way there the colors combine together- colors blend together within a gradient and between objects in a blend
describe two ways to blend the shapes and colors of objects
clock each object with the blend tool to create a blend of intermediate steps between the objects. or select the objects and choose object>blend>blend options to set the number of intermediate steps, then choose objects>blend>make to create the blend
what is the difference between selecting a smooth color blend and specifying the number of steps in a blend.
when you choose smooth color blend, illustrator automatically calculates the number of intermediate steps necessary to create a seamlessly smooth blend between the selected objects. Specifying the number of steps lets you determine how many intermediate steps are visible in the blend. you can also specify the distance between intermediate steps in the blend.
how do you adjust the shapes or colors in a blend? how do you adjust the path of a blend?
you can use the direct selection tool to select and adjust the shape of an original object thus changing the shape of the blend. you can change the colors of the original objects to adjust the intermediate colors of the blend. You can also use the convert anchor point tool to change the chap of the path, or spine, of the blend by dragging anchor points or direction handles on the spine.
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