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Terms in this set (116)
treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania
a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
a movement of world Jewry that arose late in the 19th century with the aim of creating a Jewish state in Palestine
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War
Islamist terrorist organization that launched a series of attacks against U.S.
the introduction of pesticides and high-yield grains and better management during the 1960s and 1970s which greatly increased agricultural productivity
growth to a global or worldwide scale
An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.
droughts, floods, locusts, and other disasters occured during this time
spread or advance of one culture at the expense of others or imposition on other cultures which it modifies, replaces, or destroys.
a policy of the Soviet government allowing freer discussion of social problems
an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
league of arab states
political union to stimulate cooperation between arab countries
South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)
Palestinian Liberation Organization
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
north atlantic treaty organization
an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
underdeveloped and developing countries of Asia and Africa and Latin America collectively
primary rate interface
franklin delano roosevelt
32nd President of the United States
A philosopher from India, this man was a spiritual and moral leader favoring India's independence from Great Britain. He practiced passive resistance, civil disobedience and boycotts to generate social and political change.
Soviet statesman and premier who denounced stalin (1894-1971)
He was the Chilean dictator who was responsible for instituting the reforms set out by the Chicago Boys. His leadership was backed by the US and was carried out through a coup against a democratically elected, leftist leader. At the behest of the advice given by the group, Pinochet forcefully transformed the Chilean economy into one of the freest market economies that the world had even seen. Pinochet made sure to employ the military to protect the Chicago Boys and ensure that no outside influence would taint their ideology.
Iraqi leader who waged war against Iran
First major meeting between the Big Three (United States, Britain, Russia) at which they planned the 1944 assault on France and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after the war
human rights movement
Changing the way society views the rights of all of its memebers including minorities, clients with terminal illness (euthenasia), pregnant women, and older adults.
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
was a great Indian nationalist leader who worked for independence and social reform. He became first prime minister of independent India, a position he retained until his death. He initiated India's nonalignment policy in foreign affairs.
dynasty in Iran founded in the 1920s
charles De gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)
Juan & eva Peron
was the second wife of President Juan Perón (1895-1974) and served as the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952.
the action of changing from colonial to independent status
a competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union
The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdamn, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
security council (un)
body charged primarily with maintaining international peace and security
slang terms for a paunch
(military) the act of containing something or someone
cunban missle crises
to disobey in a civil way with out hurting anybody just not to listen
chinese cultural revolution
when mao destroyed influence to make it look like history started with him
a war between North and South Korea
leader of nationalist, anti communist, forces in China
Iranian religious leader who denounced the government
A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Indian statesman who was the founder of Pakistan as a Muslim state (1876-1948)
Reinforcement of Islamic laws and ideals
an impenetrable barrier to communication or information especially as imposed by rigid censorship and secrecy
The compromise after WW1, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war in order for the treaty to pass, among other things. The US Senate rejected it.
the German republic founded at Weimar in 1919
In WWI, the region of Northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other.
african national congress
An organization dedicated to obtaining equal voting and civil rights for black inhabitants of South Africa. Founded in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress, it changed its name in 1923. Eventually brought equality (809)
Socialist politician elected president of Chile in 1970 and overthrown by the military in 1973. He died during the military attack. (p. 856)
ho chi minh
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)
American revolutionary leader who signed the Declaration of Independence and was president of the Continental Congress (1731-1796)
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
an elected governmental council in a Communist country (especially one that is a member of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
the channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort
Battles in "holes and tunnels" in war
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
weapons of mass destruction
He was a pro-American dictator of Cuba before Castro. His overthrow led to Castro and communists taking over Cuba, who was now friendly to the Soviets.
universal declaration of human rights
A 1946 United Nations covenant binding signatory nations to the observance of specified rights. (p. 892)
Special Economic Zones, allowed foreign investment and private individuals to own factories
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
Russian statesman chosen as president of the Russian Federation in 2000
To change from government or public ownership or control to private ownership or control.
an economic policy adopted in the former Soviet Union
private, voluntary organizations whose members are individuals or associations that come together for a common purpose (Red Cross, Green Peace, Amnesty)
North American Free Trade Agreement
practices typical of contemporary life or thought
an economy that relies chiefly on market forces to allocate goods and resources and to determine prices
Gamel abdel nasser
He was president of Egypt from 1956-1970. During the Suez Crisis, he nationalized the canal, causing a dispute between him and Israel, France and Britain.
battle of britain
the prolonged bombardment of British cities by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and the aerial combat that accompanied it
A policy advocated by the British and French toward the Germans following World War I. The hope was to maintain peace by allowing Hitler to annex the Sudentenland region of Czechoslovakia.
nomads from Europe and Asia who migrated to India and finally settled; vedas from this time suggest beginning of caste system
British statesman and leader during World War II
in World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies
Peace treaty between Russia and Central Powers. Marked Russia's exit from war. Its harsh terms intensified the Allies' determination for victory.
battle of midway
naval battle of World War II (June 1942)
a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)
battle of the bulge
a battle during World War II
In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris
World Trade Organization
President of the Russian Republic in 1991. Helped end the USSR and force Gorbachev to resign.
a United Nations agency created to assist developing nations by loans guaranteed by member governments
The Japanese came into Nanking and killed over 60,000
the ability of a government to determine their own course of their own free will
pay back for wrong doing
the policy of imposing duties or quotas on imports in order to protect home industries from overseas competition
a harbor on Oahu west of Honolulu
A movement to promote the independence of Slav people. Roughly started with the Congress in Prague; supported by Russia. Led to the Russo-Turkish War of 1877.
a reapportioning of something
the political party founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power by Hitler in 1933
Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945)
1938 conference at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand Germany's territory any further.
Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)
Allocation of former German colonies and Ottoman possessions to the victorious powers after World War I, to be administered under League of Nations supervision. (p. 770)
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
league of nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
English economist who advocated the use of government monetary and fiscal policy to maintain full employment without inflation (1883-1946)
Turkish statesman who abolished the caliphate and founded Turkey as a modern secular state (1881-1938)
murdering of jews during WW2
the political party founded in 1911 by Sun Yat-sen
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
five year plan
Stalin's economic policy to rebuild the Soviet economy after WWI. tried to improve heavy industry and improve farm output, but resulted in famine
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