72 terms


1) The science of making maps is
B) cartography.
2) Scale is
the relationship between the length of an object on a map and that feature on the landscape.
3) 1:24,000 is an example of what kind of scale?
fractional scale
4) If the scale of a map is 1:24,000, then 1 inch on the map represents ________ FEET on Earth's surface.
5) Which map would have the smallest scale?
6) A system for transferring locations from a globe to a flat map is
7) Distortion is especially severe on
small-scale maps.
8) The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from another long-distance method is .
remote sensing
9) A computer system that stores, organizes, retrieves, analyzes, and displays geographic data is
10) The first person to use the word geography was
11) The name given to a portion of Earth's surface is known as
12) Situation identifies a place by its
location relative to other objects.
13) Site identifies a place by its
unique physical characteristics.
14) New York City's ________ is approximately 100 miles northeast of Philadelphia and 100 miles southwest of Boston.
15) What is true of meridians?
Every meridian is the same length and has the same beginning and end.
16) A ship's position is given as 0 degrees latitude and 27 degrees west longitude. We can conclude from this information that the ship is located
on the equator
17) The hulk of a ship lies on the ocean floor at 41°46'N and 50°14'W. These coordinates tell us that the ship is located in the
Atlantic Ocean.
18) Santa Fe, New Mexico is in the Mountain Time Zone, whereas Tampa, Florida, is in the Eastern Time Zone. If it is 1 A.M., Monday, in Tampa, what time is it in Santa Fe?
11 P.M. Sunday
19) A business executive calls from New York (which is located at 75°W) at 6 P.M. on Tuesday to Sydney, Australia (which is located at 150°E). What time is it in Sydney?
9 A.M. Wednesday
20) Greenwich Mean Time is measured from
0 degrees longitude.
21) The International Date Line is measured approximately from
180 degrees longitude.
22) The U.S. Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the country into a system of
townships, ranges, sections, and quarter sections.
23) The South is established as a_________region of the United States
24) Holland converted the Zuider Zee into a fresh water lake by using
25) The concept that the distribution of one phenomenon is scientifically related to the location of other phenomena is
spatial association
26) The arrangement of a phenomenon across Earth's surface is
spatial distribution
27) An area distinguished by one or more unique characteristics is a
28) Which is not an example of a functional region?
the area dominated by a particular crop
29) The division of the United States into nine regions by the Census Bureau is an example of a
formal region
30) In Maryland, high rates of cancer are found in the
eastern rural areas
31) The frequency of something within a given unit of area is
32) The spread of something over a given study area is
33) The spatial distribution created by the U.S. Land Ordinance of 1785 is an example of
34) The population of the United States is approximately 290 million, and the land area is approximately 9 million square kilometers. The arithmetic density of the United States is approximately
30 persons per square kilometer
A hearth is
a region from which a phenomenon originates
37) Diffusion of AIDS is an example of which type of diffusion?
38) Economic development through international trade is an example of what type of diffusion?
39) If a group of people migrated from Papua, New Guinea to North America and adopted Western cultural habits, this would be an example of
40) Which of the following is a fundamental element of culture?
customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms
41) Elements of globalization do not include
maintaining local traditions
42) The global movement of money has been enhanced primarily by
improvements in electronic communications.
43) What is not a common practice of transnational corporations?
relocate command centers from more developed countries
44) Culture means .
to care about something, take care of something
45) According to environmental determinism,
the physical environment causes social development
46) The concept that the physical environment limits human actions, but that people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment is
47) A polder is
a piece of land created by draining water from an area.
48) Globalization of the economy has
heightened economic differences among places
49) The barrier islands of Florida are
attractive locations for homes and recreation and large sandbars that shield the mainland from flooding and storm damage
51) Distribution refers to the arrangement of observable phenomena across Earth.
52) The frequency of a phenomenon in a given study area is known as density.
53) Parallels converge at the North and South Poles.
54) The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians is called latitude.
55) For each 15° change in longitude, time changes by one hour.
56) A high degree of dispersion within an area indicates high density.
57) A new piece of land created by draining the area is called a polder.
58) Geographers reject environmental determinism for possibilism.
59) The communication revolution that promotes globalization of culture also permits preservation of cultural diversity.
: True
60) Globalization of the economy has led to more specialization at the local level.
61) Every map projection distorts the surface of Earth in some way.
62) Regions are found only where physical and economic characteristics are strongly related.
63) Density measures the amount of something per unit of area on Earth's surface.
64) The spread of a new fashion first in large cities, and later to smaller towns is an example of expansion diffusion.
65) The idea that the physical environment limits human actions but that people have the ability to adjust to that environment is called possibilism.
66) List the four ways to indicate location.
toponym (or name); site; situation; mathematical
67) Oxford, Ohio, is located five miles east of the Indiana state line and thirty-five miles northwest of Cincinnati. This is an example of which of the four ways of indicating location?
) The frequency of a phenomenon over a given study area is defined as ________.
69) The frequency of occurrence of a phenomenon in a given unit of area is defined as ________.
70) Assume that the scale of a map is 1:24,000. This means that one INCH on the ________ represents ________ FEET on the ________.
map; 2,000; Earth
71) Written scale and Representative fraction are two ways to express map scale. What is the third way to indicate scale?
bar line (or graphic scale)
72) If someone said that people living in the desert are lazy because of the intense heat, this would be an example of what geographic approach? If someone said that human occupation is limited in the desert because of intense heat, but that humans have adapted to living in the desert through the use of air conditioning, this would be an example of what geographic approach?
environmental determinism; possibilism
73) What are the three kinds of regions that geographers identify?The signal area of radio station WOXY is an example of which of these three kinds of regions?
uniform; functional; vernacular; functional
74) Geographers draw two types of lines (or arc) on maps to indicate location. The lines (or arcs) drawn between the North and South Poles are known as ________. The circles drawn parallel to the equator are known as ________.
meridians (or lines of longitude); parallels (or lines of latitude)