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1) The science of making maps is

B) cartography.

2) Scale is

the relationship between the length of an object on a map and that feature on the landscape.

3) 1:24,000 is an example of what kind of scale?

fractional scale

4) If the scale of a map is 1:24,000, then 1 inch on the map represents ________ FEET on Earth's surface.


5) Which map would have the smallest scale?


6) A system for transferring locations from a globe to a flat map is


7) Distortion is especially severe on

small-scale maps.

8) The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from another long-distance method is .

remote sensing

9) A computer system that stores, organizes, retrieves, analyzes, and displays geographic data is


10) The first person to use the word geography was


11) The name given to a portion of Earth's surface is known as


12) Situation identifies a place by its

location relative to other objects.

13) Site identifies a place by its

unique physical characteristics.

14) New York City's ________ is approximately 100 miles northeast of Philadelphia and 100 miles southwest of Boston.


15) What is true of meridians?

Every meridian is the same length and has the same beginning and end.

16) A ship's position is given as 0 degrees latitude and 27 degrees west longitude. We can conclude from this information that the ship is located

on the equator

17) The hulk of a ship lies on the ocean floor at 41°46'N and 50°14'W. These coordinates tell us that the ship is located in the

Atlantic Ocean.

18) Santa Fe, New Mexico is in the Mountain Time Zone, whereas Tampa, Florida, is in the Eastern Time Zone. If it is 1 A.M., Monday, in Tampa, what time is it in Santa Fe?

11 P.M. Sunday

19) A business executive calls from New York (which is located at 75°W) at 6 P.M. on Tuesday to Sydney, Australia (which is located at 150°E). What time is it in Sydney?

9 A.M. Wednesday

20) Greenwich Mean Time is measured from

0 degrees longitude.

21) The International Date Line is measured approximately from

180 degrees longitude.

22) The U.S. Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the country into a system of

townships, ranges, sections, and quarter sections.

23) The South is established as a_________region of the United States


24) Holland converted the Zuider Zee into a fresh water lake by using


25) The concept that the distribution of one phenomenon is scientifically related to the location of other phenomena is

spatial association

26) The arrangement of a phenomenon across Earth's surface is

spatial distribution

27) An area distinguished by one or more unique characteristics is a


28) Which is not an example of a functional region?

the area dominated by a particular crop

29) The division of the United States into nine regions by the Census Bureau is an example of a

formal region

30) In Maryland, high rates of cancer are found in the

eastern rural areas

31) The frequency of something within a given unit of area is


32) The spread of something over a given study area is


33) The spatial distribution created by the U.S. Land Ordinance of 1785 is an example of


34) The population of the United States is approximately 290 million, and the land area is approximately 9 million square kilometers. The arithmetic density of the United States is approximately

30 persons per square kilometer

A hearth is

a region from which a phenomenon originates

37) Diffusion of AIDS is an example of which type of diffusion?


38) Economic development through international trade is an example of what type of diffusion?


39) If a group of people migrated from Papua, New Guinea to North America and adopted Western cultural habits, this would be an example of


40) Which of the following is a fundamental element of culture?

customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms

41) Elements of globalization do not include

maintaining local traditions

42) The global movement of money has been enhanced primarily by

improvements in electronic communications.

43) What is not a common practice of transnational corporations?

relocate command centers from more developed countries

44) Culture means .

to care about something, take care of something

45) According to environmental determinism,

the physical environment causes social development

46) The concept that the physical environment limits human actions, but that people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment is


47) A polder is

a piece of land created by draining water from an area.

48) Globalization of the economy has

heightened economic differences among places

49) The barrier islands of Florida are

attractive locations for homes and recreation and large sandbars that shield the mainland from flooding and storm damage

51) Distribution refers to the arrangement of observable phenomena across Earth.


52) The frequency of a phenomenon in a given study area is known as density.


53) Parallels converge at the North and South Poles.


54) The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians is called latitude.


55) For each 15° change in longitude, time changes by one hour.


56) A high degree of dispersion within an area indicates high density.


57) A new piece of land created by draining the area is called a polder.


58) Geographers reject environmental determinism for possibilism.


59) The communication revolution that promotes globalization of culture also permits preservation of cultural diversity.

: True

60) Globalization of the economy has led to more specialization at the local level.


61) Every map projection distorts the surface of Earth in some way.


62) Regions are found only where physical and economic characteristics are strongly related.


63) Density measures the amount of something per unit of area on Earth's surface.


64) The spread of a new fashion first in large cities, and later to smaller towns is an example of expansion diffusion.


65) The idea that the physical environment limits human actions but that people have the ability to adjust to that environment is called possibilism.


66) List the four ways to indicate location.

toponym (or name); site; situation; mathematical

67) Oxford, Ohio, is located five miles east of the Indiana state line and thirty-five miles northwest of Cincinnati. This is an example of which of the four ways of indicating location?


) The frequency of a phenomenon over a given study area is defined as ________.


69) The frequency of occurrence of a phenomenon in a given unit of area is defined as ________.


70) Assume that the scale of a map is 1:24,000. This means that one INCH on the ________ represents ________ FEET on the ________.

map; 2,000; Earth

71) Written scale and Representative fraction are two ways to express map scale. What is the third way to indicate scale?

bar line (or graphic scale)

72) If someone said that people living in the desert are lazy because of the intense heat, this would be an example of what geographic approach? If someone said that human occupation is limited in the desert because of intense heat, but that humans have adapted to living in the desert through the use of air conditioning, this would be an example of what geographic approach?

environmental determinism; possibilism

73) What are the three kinds of regions that geographers identify?The signal area of radio station WOXY is an example of which of these three kinds of regions?

uniform; functional; vernacular; functional

74) Geographers draw two types of lines (or arc) on maps to indicate location. The lines (or arcs) drawn between the North and South Poles are known as ________. The circles drawn parallel to the equator are known as ________.

meridians (or lines of longitude); parallels (or lines of latitude)

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