Client-centered Therapy Corey Chapter 7
Terms in this set (33)
Four Periods of Development
Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Therapy
provided a powerful and revolutionary alternative to the directive and interpretive approaches to therapy then being practiced.
emphasis on the client rather than on nondirective methods; shift from clarification of feelings to a focus on phenomenological world of the client
Necessary & Sufficient Conditions of Therapy
Becoming one's person
The client rather than the therapist determined the direction and goals of therapy & the therapist's role was to help the client clarify feelings.
pioneer in humanistic psychology; influential in furthering the understanding of self-actualization individuals
Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow's systematic arrangement of needs according to priority, which assumes the basic needs must be met before less basic needs are aroused; 1) Physiological 2) Safety 3) Love/Belonging 4) Esteem 5) Self-Actualization
unconditional positive regard
acceptance and caring
accurate empathic understanding
deeply grasp the subjective world of another person w/o getting lost.
directional process of striving toward realization, fulfillment, autonomy, and self determination
therapeutic core conditions
necessary and sufficient for therapeutic change to occur
a way of being and a shared journed in which therapist and client reveal their humanness and participate in a growth experience
therapists are real; genuine, intergrated, and authentic during the therapy hour.
Unconditional Positive Regard and Acceptance
deep and genuine caring for the client as a person
deep and subjective understanding of the client with the client
3 Ways of Knowing in empathy
subjective empathy, interpersonal empathy, objective empathy
enables practitioners to experience what it is like to be the client
understanding a client's internal frame of reference and conveying a sense of the private meaning to the person
knowledge sources outside of a client's frame of reference
being completely attentive to and immersed in the client as well as in the client's expressed concerns
addressing what is going on between the client and therapist
expressive arts therapy
extends the person centered approach to spontaneous creative expression, which symbolizes deep and sometimes inaccessible feelings and emotional states.
a directive, client‐centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence. More focused and goal‐directed.
Five Stages of Change
pre contemplation stage
stage of change in which people are unwilling to change behavior.
acknowledge problem but may not be ready to commit to change.
occurs when a person actively implements behavioral and cognitive strategies to interrupt previous behavior patterns and adopt new ones; this stage requires a great commitment of time and energy
the person integrates newly adopted behavior patterns into his or her lifestyle.
MI Major Principles
(1.) express empathy (2.) Develop discrepancy (3.) Roll with resistance (4.) support self-efficacy.
Strengths of Person-Centered Therapy
genuine and deep respect for client; empowers client; therapeutic relationship as key factor; focus on therapist and need for genuineness; counseling open to empirical scrutiny.
Weakness of Person-Centered Therapy
neglects other important factors that lead to psychopathology; emphasis on three core conditions too exclusive and extreme; lack of therapeutic techniques; simplistic approach to more severe forms of psychopathology.
Biblical Perspective on Person-Centered Therapy
(-) too optimistic on human nature (-) focus on the self (-) God is secondary to subjective experience (-) Agape love is not equal to unconditional positive regard (-) Need for Holy Spirit to give that unconditional positive regard (-) we need God love not human love (-) We need agape love to love others not just to self-actualize.
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