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21 terms

Chapter 17 The United States in World War II Mr. Lindquist/Mr. Veltri

Chapter 17: The Unite States in World War II. The second part of World War II in which the United States enters the war. Covers Sections 1-4.
STUDY
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George Marshall
Army Chief of Staff-pushed for the formation of WAAC
Women's Auxillarty Army Corp (WAAC)
Women volunteers serving in non-combat positions as nurses, ambulance drivers, pilots, etc.
Manhattan Project
Code name for the research work that developed the atomic bomb.
Rationing
Establishing fixed allotments of goods deemed necessary for the military, by issuing coupon books to consumers limiting their purchases.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower
Supreme Allied Commander of all European forces, he was in charge of "Operation Overlord" or the D-Day Invasion.
D-Day Invasion
The June 6th 1944 invasion of German occupied France by the Allies.
General Omar Bradley
Led the Allied forces attack against St. Lo, allowed the American 3rd Army to advance into France.
General George Patton
Leader of the 3rd Army, he liberated Paris on August, 23, 1944. He was also the main factor in stopping the Germans in the "Battle of the Bulge."
Battle of the Bulge
Huge German offensive against American troops in the Ardennes Forest from December 16th, 1944 to January 16th, 1945.
V-E Day
May 8, 1945, Germany gave its unconditional surrender to Gen. Eisenhower.
Harry S. Truman
Becomes 33rd President of the U.S. upon the death of FDR on April 12th 1945.
Douglas McCarthur
Commander of the U.S. naval forces on the Philippines, he would become leader of Allied ground forces in the Pacific Theater of War.
Chester Nimitz
Commander of the U.S. naval forces in the Pacific, he ordered the successful American attack and the Battle of Midway.
Battle of Midway
U.S. destroys 4 Japanese aircraft carriers in a stunning victory from which the Japanese never recovered from.
Kamikaze
Japanese suicide pilots used as a last-ditched effort to stop the American advance. "Divine Wind"
Battle of Okinawa
U.S. invasion of the first "home island" in April 1945 resulting in a major U.S. victory, but at a tremendous cost: 7,600 Americans killed, 13,000 wounded. (110,000 Japanese were killed.
Hiroshima
The first of the Japanese cities to have an A-Bomb dropped on it, August 6th, 1945, killing 125,000 people.
Nagasaki
Second city to be A-Bombed, August 9th, 1945, killing 75,000 people died. Finally forced the surrender of Japan on September 2nd, 1945. Signed treaty aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
Nuremberg Trails
Trials held at the end of the war charging certain Nazi leaders with crimes against humanity.
GI Bills of Rights
Provided education and training for American veterans. 7.8 million soldiers took part in the GI Bill.
Interment
The forced confinement of more than 110,000 Japanese-Americans in the West-Coast states and Hawaii.