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Integrated Humanities Test 1 Moore
Terms in this set (47)
5 characteristics of civilization?
OWAA 1. Organized states: administration
3. Organized religion
4. Advanced trade
5. Advances in building and construction
Major Themes of Gilgamesh?
Death is inevitable
Live your life while you can
Love those around you, makes life worth living
Comparing Enuma Elish(Babylonian) and Genesis Creations?
1. Matter exists when creation begins
2. Light exists before the sun
Darkness existed b4 creation
3. Similar creation sequence
Hebrew Monotheism vs Ancient Polytheistic religions?
Monotheism = one god
Polytheistic = multiple gods
How are Hebrew Monotheism vs Ancient Polytheistic religions shown in Jonah?
The sailors were praying to their gods for assistance and not repentance
- depended on the sea to extend culture
- fortified cities, based prosperity on trade & warfare
- indigenous greeks
- intelligent political culture
- Advanced Civilization
- Island of Crete
- materialistic ideals (based off trading system & religion)
Greek life in the Dark Ages? What characterized rule during that time?
- small groups, moved constantly
- no written record
Importance of Colonization during the Archaic age?
The Greeks had no more land to live on and were becoming crowded so they needed to move
Mixtures of cultures
Cultural and Political development
How did Sparta become a military state? Characteristics?
- strength of army
- Boys joined at age 7
- "Come home victorious, or come home on your shield"
4 Stages of Political Development of Greek City-States?
Democracy - ruled by the people
Monarchy - One person rules
Oligarchy - Smaller group of people in charge
Aristocracy - Council composed of rich and powerful people
Tyranny - One man overthrows everyone else
What was the agriculture crisis?
Agriculture was not profitable since the drought and everyone sold their land for too cheap
Solon's reforms on the agriculture crisis?
Helping people sell their lands for a better price
Got the people out of slavery for their debts
Who is Pisistratus?
Built the Athenian economy by increasing olive trade and exports
Beginning of the Persian war?
Greece vs Persia
greeks won - civilization preserved
Who is Darius?
3rd Persian King
During his rule, the Persian Empire reached it's peak.
Who is Xerxes?
King of the Kings of Persians
- insurrection of babylon & the revolts against persian rule in Egypt.
Battle of Marathon?
First Persian invasion of Greece
Who is Themistocles?
An general who emphasized on using naval power and military skills
What is Thermopylae?
Mountian Pass near the sea in Northern Greece
- sight of several battles
Battle of Salamis?
The Greeks lured the Persian fleet into narrow waters
The Odyssey: What examples of hospitality appear?
Importance of hospitality in Greek culture?
The Gods could disguise themselves as anyone and if you weren't nice to everyone, you might get punished by a God
How do Odysseys and his crew come to be captured by the Cyclops?
How would you contrast the Cyclops and Odysseus?
What does Odysseus say that ruins his future?
Why does Odysseus travel to the underworld?
What does he learn from Agamemnon, Achilles, and Tiresias?
Agamemnon: Don't tell your wife when you're coming home, don't trust your wife
Achilles: Rather be a slave alive than a king of death.
Enjoy the time you have with your family
Tiresias: Always have hardship in his path (especially going home)
What do you learn about the ways the poor was treated in Ancient Greek Society?
They were treated with hospitality and kindness since the gods would disguise themselves with the poor
Circi gave Odysseus and his sailors lots of Hospitality after he slept with her
Justice in the Odyssey? (seuitors, servants)
Sacrifice of Iphiginea Agamemnon's or Artemis' fault?
Both were at fault. Artemis said to sacrifice her or else more bloodshed would happen
Sacrifice one person or sacrifice millions of people
According to the Chorus, what kind of man is Agamemnon?
Triumphant warrior who ddefeated Troy
What does the chorus say about Justice?
Justice will always be with those who are righteous
What does Cassandra say about human fortune?
She is disappointed and pitties mankind
How does the Chorus' response concerning the cycle of human bloodshed respond to Cassandras statement?
one who is prosperous always hungers for more, all men are the same... but now he must pay for the blood his ancestors shed, and his death will cause other deaths in return. what man can say he is ever free from the spirits grip, once he has heard this story.
How does Clytemnestra defend her actions?
he might as well have been killing an animal. oh, he had plenty of sheep to choose from, but he sacrificed his own child, my labor of love, to charm away the cruel-storm winds of Thrace.
Libation Bearers: What is Electras prayer?
Bring back Orestes to life, so her and her family will no longer be slaves
Why does she offer libations to the dead?
for the injustice that they were living
Who sent Orestes?
Sent by Apollo's oracle to avenge his father's murder
What will happen to him if he does not act?
he will live a life full of pain instead
storms of suffering, evil pain, and paranoia
why does Orestes hesitate to act when facing his mother?
How can he kill his own mother
The chorus describes Justice as "breathing destruction, hatred and rage" how is that description appropriate here?
Justice is served when someone commits a punishable crime
Revenge is when someone feels the need to get even or what they deserve
The Furies: How does Athena define the problem? What is her role? What solution does she propose?
She talks about she doesn't want a bias - wants to hear both sides of the story
She is a mediator
She has the people decide who is right and who is wrong
What is Orestes' defense of himself?
There were consequences if he didnt do it
and his mom killed his dad!
What does Athena say about Justice?
She tells the furies to be called just when they are not carrying our their justice with revenge
At the trial, what is the Furies' case? What is Apollo's case? What does Apollo say about conception?
The Furies- Thought he was wrong because he killed his own mother, but she was not in the wrong because Agamemnon wasn't blood related to her but Orestes is.
Apollo- Orestes was avenging the death of a noble man and Agamemnon also was killed in his own home.
Apollo says that the woman isn't the true parent but just someone who has come around to nurture a soul.
How do the Furies respond to the verdict? How do Athena and the Athenians ultimately placate the Furies? Why is it crucial to the overall meaning of the play that the Furies be appeased?
They react poorly to the verdict.
She gives the Furies some power and promises them prosperous lives.
It is crucial so that they don't ruin others lives.
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