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The liver and spleen add to the blood volume by disgorging stored red blood cells and plasma
Compensates for hypovolemic shock by stimulating aldosterone release, which retains sodium and hence water to increase the blood volume
Any shock can cause (blank) by decreasing the perfusion to kidneys. Associated with prerenal failure
Shock characterized by allergic response; more severe than other forms because of its sudden, rapid systemic vasodilation. Follows widespread hypersensitivity reaction
Overstimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system or understimulation of sympathetic nervous system
Multi-organ dysfunction or MODS
Impaired perfusion is the primary mechanism that causes organ injury; a spiral that occurs following uncontrolled shock
Only outer layer of skin in burned, but not all the way through. Skin is red, with swelling, and pain is sometimes present
Superficial; first layer of skin has been burned through and the second layer of skin (dermis) is also burned. Blisters developed and skin takes on intensely reddened, splotchy appearance
Involves all layers of the skin and cause permanent tissue damage. Areas may be charred black or appear dry and and white.
Difficulty inhaling and exhaling, CO poisoning, or other toxic effects may occur if smoke inhalation accompanies burns
Painful muscle spasms which usually affect arms, legs, or stomach. Sweating depletes body's salt and moisture
Deep, rapid respirations. Occurs in metabolic acidosis to decrease CO2 and thereby reduce carbonic acid
Autosomal dominant transmission
Males equal to females, no skipped generations, and transmitted to half of offspring
Disease is proportion of the population affected by a disease at a specific point in time
Impulses arises from skin, muscle, joints, arteries, and viscera in response to chemical, mechanical, thermal stimuli
Conductive hearing loss
Occurs when a change in outer ear or middle ear impairs sound from being conducted from outer to inner ear
Intensive autonomic arousal including lightheadedness, dyspnea, generalized sweating, racing heart
Right-sided heart failure or cor pulmonale
Jugular vein distention, hepatosplenomegaly or ascites, edema, pulmonary hypertension. Involves parasympathetic nervous system
Urinary tract infection
CMs burning on urgency. In elderly may include confusion and poorly localized abdominal discomfort
Glucose and insulin used to treat because insulin transports glucose into the cell, it also carries potassium with it. 3.5-5.0 MEq
Seborrheic and actinic planus; elevated, firm, rough lesion with flat top surface greater then 1 cm in diameter
Allergic reaction; elevated irregular-shaped area of cutaneous edema; solid, transient, with variable diameter; hives
Varicella or herpes zoster
Elevated circumscribed, superficial lesion filled with serous fluid, less then 1 cm in diameter
Synovitis and bone marrow inflammation; FUSION of spine and Los if lumbar curve
Aortic semilunar valve
Failure to close completely causes ejected blood flow back into left ventricle during diastole
Type of immunity that is produced by an individual after either natural exposure to antigen or after immunization against antigen
Fracture at site if a preexisting bone abnormality, usually by a force that would normally not cause a fracture
Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Lack of insulin, often due to autoimmune destruction of islets of langerhorn;
Sudden apparent arousal in which child expresses intense fear or another strong enothion while in sleep state
Passive innate immunity
Passed mother to fetus and continues to provide immunity during first months of life
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