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CH 30 Global Vocab

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superpowers
nations stronger than other powerful nations
anti-ballistic missiles (ABMs)
missiles that could shoot down other missiles from hostile countries
Ronald Reagan
U.S. President, launched a program to build "Star Wars" missile defense against nuclear attack
detente
relaxation of tensions
Fidel Castro
organized an armed rebellion against the corrupt dictator of Cuba
John F. Kennedy
U.S. President, supported an invasion attempt by U.S. trained Cuban exiles
ideology
value of system and beliefs
Nikita Khrushchev
new Soviet leader after the death of Stalin
Leonid Brezhnev
ruled the Soviet Union after Khrushchev
containment
containing communism
recession
periods where the economy shrinks
suburbanization
movement to communities outside an urban core
segregation
forced separation
discrimination
unequal treatment or barriers
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
leader of the civil rights movement
Konrad Adenauer
West Germany's prime minister
welfare state
country with a market economy but with increased government responsibility for the social and economic needs of its people
European Community
organization dedicated to establishing free trade among member nations for all products
gross domestic product (GDP)
total value of all goods and services produced in a nation within a particular year
collectivization
forced pooling of peasant land and labor
Great Leap Forward
Mao's program, urged people to increase farm and industrial output
Cultural Revolution
launched by Mao, goal was to purge China of "bourgeois" tendencies
38th Parallel
line Korea was temporarily divided along after being conquered by Japan
Kim II Sung
ruler of North Korea
Syngman Rhee
ruler of South Korea
Pusan Perimeter
a line where North Korean troops were forced by the United Nation forces to stop
demilitarized zone
area with no military forces
guerrilas
small groups of loosely organized soldiers making surprise raids
Ho Chi Minh
nationalist and communist who led guerrila forces
Dienbienphu
bloody battle fought in 1954, convinced French to leave Vietnam
domino theory
view that communist governments would cause non-communist governments to fall to communism
Viet Cong
National Liberation Front, communist rebels trying to overthrow South Vietnam's government
Tet Offensive
U.S. troops attack Vietnamese troops on the Vietnamese New Year
Khmer Rouge
force of Cambodian communist guerrillas
Pol Pot
brutal dictator, led the Khmer Rouge
mujahedin
Muslim religious warriors
Mikhail Gorbachev
came to power in the Soviet Union
glasnost
openness
perestroika
restructuring
Lech Walesa
led strikes by shipyard workers because of economic hardships
solidarity
independent labor union
Vaclav Havel
dissident writer and human rights activist, elected president of Czechoslovakia
Nicolae Ceausescu
Romania's longtime dictator, refused to step down, overthrown and executed