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AP Psychology Social Psychology
Terms in this set (33)
Theory that people have the tendency to give casual explanations for others' behavior, often by crediting the situation or the person's disposition.
Fundamental attribution error
The tendency to overestimate the impact of personal disposition and to underestimate the impact of the situations in analyzing the behavior of others.
A belief and feeling that predisposes a person to respond in a particular way to objects, people, and events.
The tendency to who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request.
When attitudes and actions are opposed, tension is experienced.
Adjusting one's behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard.
Normative social influence
Influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or to avoid rejection.
Informative social influence
Valuable information may be provided, but stubborn people may not listen.
Improved performance on tasks in the presence of others.
The tendency of an individual in a group to exert less effort toward attaining a common goal than when tested individually.
The loss of self-awareness and self-restraint in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity.
Enhances a group's prevailing attitudes through discussion.
A mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides the realistic appraisal of alternatives.
An unjustifiable attitude toward a group and its members.
People with whom one shares a common identity.
People perceived as different from one's ingroup.
The tendency to favor one's own group.
The tendency of people to believe the world is fair, and people get what they deserve.
After learning an outcome, the tendency to believe that one could have predicted it beforehand.
Any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy.
A principle in which frustration creates anger, which can generate aggression.
An incompatibility of actions, goals, or ideas.
A situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally pursuing their self-interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior.
Geographical nearness is a powerful predictor of attraction.
Mere exposure effect
Repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases attraction.
An unselfish regard for the welfare of others.
A condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give.
Revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others.
The tendency of any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present.
Social Exchange Theory
Aim is to maximize benefits and minimize costs.
Norms of reciprocity
The expectation that we should return help and not harm those who have helped us.
A norm that tells us to help others when they need us, even though they may not repay us.
Shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Psychology Motivation & Emotion
AP Psychology Personality
AP Psyschology History & Approaches
AP Psychology Methods
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