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East Asia Exam 1
Terms in this set (60)
(1371-1433?) Chinese naval explorer who sailed along most of the coast of Asia, Japan, and half way down the east coast of Africa before his death.
China-centered World Order
Created trade with other countries
Civilization and Barbarian
China went to other "barbarian" countries
Tribute System (China)
China would have other countries give them gifts
Port city in the modern Southeast Asian country of Malaysia, founded about 1400 as a trading center on the Strait of Malacca. Also spelled Melaka. (p. 387)
The Ryukyu Kingdom was ruled as a tributary state of China by the Ryukyuan monarchy, who unified Okinawa Island to end the Sanzan period, and extended the kingdom to the Amami Islands and Sakishima Islands.
pirates who raided the coastlines of China and Korea from the 13th century to the 16th century.
Bustling trade empire built throughout the Indian Ocean. Extended control after defeating Muslim fleet and captured Goa which was made the capital of their trading empire. After this they seized the Strait of Malacca which gave them control of the Moluccas also known as the Spice Islands.
A small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in the exploration of the Atlantic.
spice islands in the Indian Ocean known primarily for nutmeg.
One of two ports in which Europeans were permitted to trade in China during the Ming dynasty
silk for silver trade
Get silver from New World then trade to China for silk
Jesuits in China
Series of Jesuit missionaries in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries who, inspired by the work of Matteo Ricci, made extraordinary efforts to understand and become a part of Chinese culture in their efforts to convert the Chinese elite, although with limited success.
Portuguese Jesuit missionary who went to China, assimilated into Chinese culture and language and ran a Christian mission in China.
Hidden Christians (Japan)
Christians during period when it was banned
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
Little Ice Age
Temporary but significant cooling period between the fourteenth and the nineteenth centuries; accompanied by wide temperature fluctuations, droughts, and storms, causing famines and dislocation.
Biological Old Regime
Human history before the nineteenth century, when economic production depended almost entirely on capturing flows of energy from the sun.
Portugese and Spanish Empires
Aztec and Inca Empires
Civilizations in New World
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
The Great Dying
the devastation of American Indian populations by diseases brought over from Europe
Land Based Empires
Ming China, were dominant powers in Asia
a country that has supreme power within its own boundaries
a system to control forign trade which confined all trading to the port of Canton
Silver for tea
Trading silver for tea
Region of northeastern India. It was the first part of India to be conquered by the British in the eighteenth century and remained the political and economic center of British India throughout the nineteenth century. Today this region includes part of Eastern India and all of Bangladesh.
Jardine, Matheson, and Company
founded in Canton in July 1832 by Scots William Jardine and James Matheson.
Hong Kong was officially declared a British colony under the Treaty of Nanking in 1843.
JM & Co completed the move of its main office to Hong Kong and opened its office in Shanghai when it purchased Lot No. 1 in 1844. More offices were subsequently opened in Canton, Amoy and Foochow.
substance derived from the opium poppy from which all narcotic drugs are derived
Terranova Incident (1821)
Francis Terranova, an illiterate Italian seaman on the American ship Emily, was accused by the Chinese of killing a Chinese boat-woman with whom he had been bargaining.
he Americans surrendered Terranova to the Chinese, who executed him by strangulation a few days later, notwithstanding assurances to the contrary. The incident shocked the foreign community, who regarded the trial as a mockery of justice. The British criticized the Americans for being too compliant toward the Chinese authorities
Lin Zexu (1785-1850) (Commisioner Lin)
Emperor of the Qing dynasty best known for his role in the First Opium War of 1839-42. He was from Fuzhou, Fujian Province. Lin's forceful opposition to the opium trade was a primary catalyst for the First Opium War.
Opium War (1839-1842)
War between Britain and China over trading rights, particularly Britain's desire to continue selling opium to Chinese traders. The resulting trade agreement prompted Americans to seek similar concessions from the Chinese.
Indian troops who served in the British army
Nemesis was the first British ocean-going iron warship
Treaty of Nanjing (1842)
Treaty which ended the first Opium War and limited Chinese sovereignty because of the concessions to England - Hong Kong, money, low tariffs, open five ports to trade, and access for foreigners
international trade left to its natural course without tariffs, quotas, or other restrictions.
Cities opened to foreign residents as a result of the forced treaties between the Qing Empire and foreign signatories. In the in these cities, foreigners enjoyed extraterritoriality.
In 1832, the British East India Company explored Shanghai and the Yangzi River as a potential trading center for tea, silk, and opium, but was rebuffed by local officials. The British then forced the Chinese to import British opium (which it produced in British India) by waging the First Opium War between 1839 and 1842. The Qing military forces proved no match for the British. The war finally ended with the Treaty of Nanjing and Shanghai was one of five Chinese cities to be opened up to British consuls, merchants, and their families.
A British colony in China, received after the first Opium War and returned to China in 1997
Right of foreigners to be protected by the laws of their own nation.
Treaties of Tientsin (Tianjin) 1858
Instead of making the U.S. the most favored nation, the status was extended to all foreign nations in China and opened up more ports to allow Christians to come in.
Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864)
A rebellion in China led by Hong Xiuquan to topple the Qing Dynasty and replace it with a Christian government. He claimed to be the long-lost brother of Jesus.
Famine in Japan
commodore of the US Navy who opened up Japan with the Treaty of Kanagawa
the first diplomatic representative that America sent to Japan
Japan-US treaty of amity and commerce
'Respect the Emperor, expel the barbarian!' Rallying cry of late Tokugawa loyalists who sought an end to shogunal rule and a way of countering the looming Western threat. Catalyst for the events that culminated in the Meiji Restoration. See shishi. 尊皇攘夷
Battle of shimonoseki Straits
was a naval engagement fought on July 16, 1863, by the United States Navy warship USS Wyoming against the powerful daimyō (feudal lord) Mōri Takachika of the Chōshū clan based in Shimonoseki.
was a domain of the Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan during the Edo period from 1602 to 1871.
a domain of the Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan during the Edo period from 1600 to 1871.
The Japanese emperor who served as the figurehead of the Japanese modernization movement
The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism.
This Japanese Meiji era traveler went out on four occasions. He went to Europe and drew inspiration from Germany to write a constitution for Japan. He also guided the writing of the constitution.
the twenty-sixth king of the Korean Choson Dynasty and the first emperor of the Korean Empire.
Prince Regent, father of King Kojong; xenophobic, responsible for mass persecution of Catholicism and seclusion policy; highly resistant to foreign influence; feverishly beat back American and French incursions in 1866; wanted to rebuild strength of dynasty, trying to take away privileges of yangban; although captured in 1880s, 1894-1895 Sino-Japanese war led to his reinstatement;
resist heterodoxy and uphold othodoxy
General Sherman Incident (1866)
the destruction of an armed U.S. Merchant Marineside-wheel steamer in Korea in 1866. It was an important catalyst to the end of Korean isolationism in the 19th century. After passing the Keupsa Gate without permission from the Koreans, the merchant ship was attacked and fought over for several days before finally being destroyed in Pyongyan
Treaty of Kanghwa (1876)
Japan forced Korea to sign this treaty to give Japan preferential treatment over Korea. This angered China, as it saw Korea as part of its protectorate.
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