From Sharon Hamilton's Essential Literary Terms
Terms in this set (28)
the person the telling the story
point of view
Can be identified by the pronoun that the narrator uses to recount events.
the vantage point from which a story is told
first person narrator
is a character in the story
uses "I" and "me"
tells us only what he or she thinks and experiences
The attitude that a literary speaker expresses toward his/her subject matter and audience.
Derived from spoken discourse where listeners attend to a speaker's tone of voice in order to assess his feelings about the topic at hand and his relationship to his audience and his conception of their intelligence, sensitivity, and receptivity to his views.
is the attitude a speaker or writer takes toward a subject, character, or audience
_____, in the form of various convictions and values by which s/he judges characters and events as well as evokes judgments in the reader, stands behind every fictional narrative.
the writer's distinctive use of language and his or her overall style
The act of telling a story, whether in prose or in verse, and the means by which that telling is accomplished
third person point of view
Narrator that has a much broader view and, usually, an objective perspective on characters and events.
Uses "he," "she," or "they"
omniscient point of view
A 3rd person narrator who can enter the consciousness of any character, evaluate motives, and explain feelings
limited point of view
A 3rd person narrator who describes events only from the perspective and with the understanding of one, or sometimes, a select few characters
stream of consciousness
a type of 3rd person narration used to replicate the thought process of a character, with little or no intervention by the narrator
a 3rd person narrator who offers philosophical or moral commentary on the characters and the events s/he depicts
a 3rd person narrator whose presence is merely implied
second person point of view
Least common point of view.
Narrator address the audience directly using the pronoun "you."
Assumes the audience is experiencing the events along with the narrator.
The techniques by which an author of a work of fiction, drama, or narrative poetry represents the moral, intellectual, and emotional natures of the characters
two-dimensional; more a type than an individual; stays essentially the same throughout the work
three-dimensional; multifaceted and subject to change and growth; the character is capable of inconsistencies and is similar to an actual human being
simply presenting characters' words and actions without commentary and allowing that dramatization to imply their motives, feelings, and values
author describes, and comments on, characters' motives and values and often also passes judgment on characters and events, as a means of shaping the audience's response
a sequence of events leading to some sort of resolution that is designed to reveal the feelings, motives, and values of the characters
from the Greek word for "first actor" or "first contender"; the main character.
The events of the work center on him/her.
from the Greek word for "against the contender"; the character who opposes the protagonist's goals and interests and so creates the major conflict in the work
a character who contrasts with the protagonist in ways that bring out certain of his/her moral, emotional, or intellectual qualities
The presentation of what characters in a literary work say.
Used to reveal characters' motives, feelings, values, and relationships; used to advance the plot; used to suggest tone.
Primary means of depicting character.
from the Latin word for "to speak alone"; a monologue delivered by a character who is alone on stage; speaker may address the audience as though they are confidantes or simply seem to be thinking aloud
a speech, usually brief, that, according to theatrical conventions, is heard only by the audience, or, sometimes, is addressed privately to another character on stage
The time and place in which the events in a work of fiction, drama, or narrative poetry occur
A central idea conveyed by a literary work, either directly or implicitly.
An abstract concept that recurs in many works of literature: war is horrific, parents and children experience conflicts, etc.
from the Greek word for "suffering"; the evocation in the audience of pity, tenderness, compassion, or sorrow
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