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Anatomy and Physiology Test 1 (Pandolfo)
Terms in this set (101)
What cavity is A pointing to?
What cavity is B pointing to?
What cavity C pointing to?
What cavity is D pointing to?
What region is A pointing to?
Right hypochondriac region
What region is B pointing to?
What region is C pointing to?
What region is D pointing to?
Right iliac region
What region is E pointing to?
The bridge of the nose is ____________ to the left eye
The upper arm is more _______________ than the forearm to the shoulder
The heart is __________ to the stomach
The fingers are __________ to the wrist
The stomach is _____________ to the spine
Histology would be best defined as a study of _______
If you use your home air conditioner in terms of homeostasis then the wall thermostat would be the ________
________ is the specific name for the hip region
_________ cavities are spaces within joints
The single most abundant chemical substance of the body, accounting for 60 to 80% of body weight, is _________
The main, general purpose of the negative feedback is ___________
The heart lies in the __________ cavity
The cavities housing the eyes are called ________ cavities
A structure that is composed of two or more tissues would be _____________
Descending colon and sigmoid colon
Which of the following organs or structures would be found in the left iliac region?
Which one of the following systems responds to the environmental stimuli?
stable internal environment
Homeostasis is the condition in which the body maintains ______________
Place the following in the correct sequence from simplest to the most complex:
The term Pollex refers to the ________
The posterior side of the patella would be called ________________
Plans turn posteriorly
The anatomical position is characterized by all of the following expect ________________
T/F: a process by which large particles may be taken into the cell for food, protection of the body, or for disposing of old or dead body cells is called phagocytosis
T/F: In osmosis, movement of water occurs toward the solution with the lower solute concentration
T/F: The cell (plasma) membrane normally contains cholesterol
T/F: Only one cell type in the human body has a flagellum
Lipids are primarily processed in the ____________
Swell then burst because of the salt concentration inside the red blood cell
A red blood cell placed in pure water would __________
The membrane (layer) that separates the interior of the cell to the outside environment
The plasma membrane is _____________
Which structures are fingerlike projections that greatly increase the absorbing surface of the cells?
Would NOT absorb the hypertonic solution
If cells are placed in a hypertonic solution containing a solute to which the membrane is impermeable, what could happen?
A lysosome combines with the vacuole and digests the enclosed solid material
Once solid material is phagocytized and taken into a vacuole, which of the following statements best describes what happens?
Are amphipathic molecules that make up the bilayer of the plasma membrane and keep the membrane fluid
Important for fatty acids, albumin, and insulin. Provides quick means to get substances from the blood to interstitial fluid
Transcytosis is ___________
Contain powerful oxidase enzymes that use molecular oxygen to detoxify harmful or toxic substances
1. The cell is the smallest unit of life
2. All organisms are made of one or more cells
3. Cells only arise from other cells
Which of the following is a concept of the cell theory?
The powerhouse of the cell
No polar region of the phospholipid
What region of the cell is C pointing to?
What portion of the cell is B pointing to?
The main component of the cytosine is ____________
The functions of centrioles include _____________
Some hormones enter cells via _______________
What kind of tissue is figure A?
What kind of tissue is figure B?
What kind of tissue is figure C?
What kind of tissue is figure D?
What kind of tissue is figure E?
The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavities of the body
The epithelial membrane that lines body cavities open to the exterior
Consists of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
Found lining the digestive and respiratory tracts
Makes up the pleura and pericardium
Which of the following is not found in the matrix of cartilage but is in bone?
A high number of collagen fibers
The reason that intervertebral discs exhibit a large amount of tensile strength to absorb shock is because they possess _____________
Mammary glands exhibit a glandular type called ______________
Simple columnar epithelium is the digestive tract used for absorption is characterized by _______________
The shape of the external ear is maintained by _______________
Within the cartilage, divide and secrete new matrix
Which of these muscles is NOT considered connective tissue?
High cellular and well vascylarized
Which is true concerning muscle tissue?
The first step in tissue repair involves __________
Ground substance, fibers, and cells
The three main components of connective tissue are ____________
Inflammation causes capillaries to dilate and become permeable
Select the correct statement regarding tissue repair
It's primary function is nutrient storage
Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue
T/F: the shock-absorbing pads between the vertebrae are formed of fibrocartilage
T/F: depending on the functional state of the bladder, transitional epithelium may resemble stratified squamous or stratified cuboidal epithelium
A major characteristic of fibrocartilage is its unique amount of flexibility and elasticity
Smooth muscle cells possess central nuclei by lack striations
Pulls hair follicle into an upright position (5.2)
Site of the dermal ridges that produce epidermal ridges on the epidermal surfaces of the fingers (5.2)
sudoriferous (sweat) glands (5.2)
The most abundant cells of the epidermis
Must be activated in the skin in order to infancy calcium metabolism
The protein fund in epidermis that is responsible for toughening skin
Melanomas are rare but must be removed quickly to prevent them from metastasizing.
Select the most correct statement concerning skin cancer
A needle would pierce the epidermal layers of the forearm in which order?
Sebaceous glands (oil)
Acne is a disorder associated with _____________
The _________ glands is a modified sudoriferous gland that decreases wax
Accumulates the melanin granules on their superficial portion, forming a UV-blocking pigment layer
Melanoytes and keratinocytes work together in protecting the skin from UV damage when keratinocytes _________
The epidermis consist of five layers of cells, each layer with a distinct role to play in the health , well-being, and functioning of the skin. Which of the following layers is responsible for cell division and replacement?
The integumentary system is protected by immune cells that arise from bone marrow and migrate to the epidermis. Which of the following cells serve this function?
Visible, silvery-white scars
Despite its apparent durability, the dermis is subject to tearing. How many a person know that the dermis has been stretched and/or torn?
The skin takes on a bronze or metallic appearance
Changes in color of the skin are often an indication of a homeostatic imbalance. Which of the following changes would suggest that a patient is suffering from Addison's disease?
Nutrition and hormones
The most important factors influencing hair growth are ________________
99% water, sodium chloride, trace amounts of wastes, and vitamin C
Composition of the secretion of the eccrine glands is _____________
It converts modified epidermal cholesterol to a vitamin D percursor important to calcium metabolism
In addition to protection (physical and chemical barrier), The skin serves other functions. Which of the following is another vital function of the skin?
Catastrophic fluid loss
What is the first threat to life from a massive third-degree burn?
Male pattern baldness has a genetic switch that turns on in response to ______________
T/F: Joe just burned himself on a hot pot. A blister forms and Laverne is painful. Joe's burn would best be described as a third-degree burn
T/F: Regardless of race, all human beings have about the same number of melanocytes
T/F: A physician is often able to detect homeostatic in balance is in the body by observing changes in the skin color
T/F: The most dangerous skin cancer is cancer of the melanocytes
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