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a primary election in which voters can participate in the nomination of only those candidates of the party in which they have been enrolled for a period of time before the primary
a primary election in which voters can choose on the day of the primary which party to enroll in to select cadidates for the general election
the party that holds the majority of legislative seats in either the House or the Senate
an individual voter's psychological ties with one party of another (usually because the party reflects their own views and interests)
partisans who contribute time, energy, and effort to support their party and its candidates
a distinctive pattern of voting behavior reflecting the difference in views between men and women
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries the local party organizations that controlled local politics through patronage and the nominations process. The leaders were called bosses. These "machines" depended on the spoils system
an electorate that is allowed to elect only one representative from each district. This is the typical method of representation in the United States (plurality election system)
an electorate that selects several candidates at large from an entire district, with each voter given the number of votes equivalent to the number of seats to be filled
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