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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Terms in this set (46)
the peasants burned all previous tax records; at the beginning of the Revolution
the name given to King Louis XVI before he was executed
Reign of Terror
time of turmoil for France from Sept. 1793 to July 1794; guillotine was introduced
working-class men and women that demanded a republic
one of Napoleon's wives; didn't give him any children so he left her
1,200 prisoners were killed
Congress of Vienna
a meeting to determine peace after Napoleon; run by Metternich and held in Austria
island in the South Atlantic where Napoleon went into exile after he was forced to abdicate the throne at Waterloo
Battle of Leipzig
also known as Battle of the Nations, Napoleon lost
Battle of Trafalgar
a naval battle in 1805 off the southwest coast of Spain, led by Heratio Nelson
levee en masse
national draft in France created under the Jacobins, of a citizen army with support from young and old, telling everyone their part in the war
former ally of Napoleon, czar of Russia
Committee of Public Safety
emergency government made to stop threats to the revolution
Tennis Court Oath
the Third Estate declares that they will keep meeting wherever they have to until they make a constitution
one of Napoleon's wives; with marrying her, he gained an alliance with Austria and the royal family
government to lead France to peace after the Reign of Terror
Napoleon's final battle and he lost; the English and the Persians defeated him.
where Napoleon was exiled the first time; an island off the coast of Italy
Jean Paul Marat
political journalist; edited Lamee de Poco
French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution
in 1808, Napoleon sent an invasion to force through Spain in an effort to get Portugal to accept the Continental System
Declaration of Pillnitz
a statement issued at the Castle of Pilnitz in Saxony by the Hapsburg Holy Roman Emperor
War of 1812
between America and Britain over the British blockade
percentage of French society for each Estate
97 percent- third
which group in society embraced the ideals and principles of the Enlightenment?
tax system in France before Revolution
first estate paid 2 percent, second paid none, third estate paid 50 percent
what led to the first meeting of the Estates General in 175 years?
to raise taxes on nobility
what was the issue when the Estates General met?
the third estate didn't want to vote like they always did
what happened on July 14th, Bastille Day?
the Parisians stormed the Bastille
why did the National Assembly lost the support of many French peasants?
they didn't want to lose their religion when the National Assembly had a reform
they refused to take the oath to France; stayed loyal to Rome
which group imposed the Reign of Terror?
the Jacobins under the Committee of Public Safety
what was the Flight to Varennes?
when the ing and his family attempted to flee to northeastern France to make a counterrevolution, but they were caught.
what group finally forced Robespierre from power?
what government was initiated after the Terror ended?
how did Napoleon rise to power?
he used the plebiscite vote to make the people feel like they had a say in it
what was one consequence of the Battle of Trafalgar?
Napoleon was defeated by an English ruler, and Britain got a strong navy
what was the Continental System?
a ban on trade with England
How did Britain react to the Continental System?
they made their own ban on trade
what strategy did Alexander I use to defeat Napoleon?
the scorched earth policy; he burnt all the crops so that Napoleon couldn't give his troops any resources
what were the accomplishments of Napoleon in France?
he restored prosperity in the economy, made peace with the Catholic Church, and made the Napoleonic Code
what traits did Napoleon posses?
he was smart and good at strategies, but he wasn't humble
who led the Congress of Vienna?
Prince Klemens von Metternich
what 3 things did the Congress of Vienna hope to accomplish?
they wanted to contain France, a balance of power, and legitimacy
what was one important effect resulting from the political changes made at the Congress of Vienna?
nationalistic feelings grew in countries placed under foreign rule
what were Napoleon's 3 big mistakes?
1. Continental System-blockade made to ruin British economy, but Britain made their own and it ends up hurting England from War of 1812.
2. Peninsular Campaign- the people resist Napoleon because they thing he wil take of the Spanish Catholic Church; start a guerrilla warfare that lasts many years because the Spanish knew their own land.
3. Invading Russia-the czar burns the crops so Napoleon has no resources; 42,000 start out, only 10,000 come back and Napoleon is exiled to Elba.
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