25 terms

The Energy of Waves๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜

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Terms in this set (...)

Wave
A periodic disturbance in a solid, liquid, or gas as energy is transmitted through a medium
Medium
A physical environment in which phenomena occur
Transverse Waves
A wave in which the particles of the medium move perpendicularly to the direction the wave is traveling
Longitudinal Waves
A wave in which the particles of the medium vibrate parallel to the direction of wave motion
Amplitude
The maximum distance that the particles of a waves medium vibrate from their rest position
Wavelength
The distance from any point on a wave to an identical point on the next wave
Frequency
The number of waves produced in a given amount of time
Wave Speed
The speed at which a wave travels through a medium
Reflection
The bouncing back of a ray of light, sound , or heat when the ray hits a surface that it does not go through
Refraction
The bending of a wave passes between two substances in which the speed of the wave differs
Diffraction
A change in the direction of a wave when the waves find an obstacle or an edge, such as an opening
Interference
The combination of two or more waves that result in a single wave
Standing Wave
A pattern of vibration that simulates a wave that is standing still
Resonance
A phenomenon that occurs when two objects naturally vibrate at the same frequency; the sound produced by one object causes the other object to vibrate
Ear
...
Rare fraction
The bending of a wave as the wave passes between two substances in which the speed of the wave differs
Compression
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Doppler effect
An observed change in the frequency of a wave when the source or observer is moving
Pitch
A measure of how high or low a sound is perceived to be, depending on the frequency of the sound wave
Decibel
The most common unit used to measure loudness
Echo
A reflected sound wave
Sonic boom
The explosive sound heard when a shock wave from an object traveling faster than the speed of sound reaches a person's ear.
Echolocation
The process of using reflected sound waves to find objects; used by animals such as bats
Sound Quality
The result of the blending of several pitches through interference.
Noise
A sound that consists of a random mix of frequencies.