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Arts and Humanities
Speech Sound Disorders Exam 1
Terms in this set (24)
Traditional (Van Riper treatment approach)
This approach does not consider potential patterns in errors. Includes 5 steps:
1. Sensory-perceptual or ear training
2. Production training for sound establishment
3. Production training for sound stabilization
4. Transfer and carry-over training
Identify and define for the target sound. Discriminate correct/incorrect sounds to promote awareness of sound errors. Thought to provide foundation for correct production but now it is controversial.
Establishment. Goal is to evoke and establish new sound pattern that will replace errors.
Sound Evoking Techniques
1. imitation-auditory stimulation
2. Phonetic placement
3. Contextual cues
4. Motor-kinesthetic cues
5. Sound approximation
Production training (stabilizing)
Stabilize client's production at various levels of response complexity, ranging from isolation, nonsense syllables, words, phrases, sentences to conversation. Not necessarily all in order. Aim for efficiency and success.
Transfer and carryover
Accuracy in therapy does not guarantee accuracy outcome. Transfer/generalization techniques involve speech assignments, self and peer monitoring, practice in other situations, proprioceptive awareness exercises, varying audience and setting.
In traditional approach, this means production of new sound in conversation.
Ultimate goal of therapy is for correct production in natural environment across time. Can promote by gradually fading sessions until ready for dismissal.
Set of words that differ in only one phoneme but the difference is sufficient to change the meaning. It should contain few or minimally opposing features.
Ex: book vs. cook
Minimal pair intervention is ideally used for a client with ______ degree of knowledge of phonemes, rather than those who have no knowledge. It is also suitable for children with consistent substitution patterns.
T/F: Tip and rip are minimal pairs.
sounds resonate in nasal cavity
sounds produced at very front
sounds produced at very back
sounds made by forcing airstream through small opening, resulting in intense noise.
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