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Chapter 3-- Vocab
Terms in this set (20)
A type o colony that is administered by a crown- appointed governor, who would appoint and dismiss leading gentlemen in the colony to an advisory council
A type of colony that is administered by proprietors, usually 1 or 2 English elites
Catholic nobleman who received a proprietary grant from Charles I for a large tract of land north of the Potomac River and east of the Chesapeake Bay
Act for Religious Toleration
Passed in 1649, it affirmed religious toleration in Maryland. It was also known as the Toleration Act
Third Anglo-Powhatan War
The last serious conflict between Virginia colonists and Native Americans before Bacon's Rebellion
A war of Indian extermination waged by farmers in Virginia, led by Nathaniel Bacon, in 1676. The rebels burned the capital and forced Governor Berkeley to flee, but the rebellion fizzled when Bacon died later that year
Governor of Massachusetts Bay colony who wrote "A model of Christian Charity"
A model of Christian Charity
This spelled out the Massachusetts Bay colony's social and political ideals. It declared that Massachusetts "shall be as a city upon a hill, the eyes of all people are upon us." The settlers would build a harmonious, godly community in which individuals would subordinate their personal interests to a higher purpose. The result would be an example for all the world and would particularly inspire England to live up to its role as God's "elect nation"
New England Way
A set of official policies set by Puritan ministers to maintain order in the colony
A minister who advocated complete separation of church and state and religious toleration
A member of the Boston congregation who would publicly criticized the clergy for judging prospective church members on the basis of "good works" - the Catholic standard for salvation that Protestants had criticized since Reformation
Period when the English monarchy was restored after Oliver Cromwell's death of Charles II was crowned
War in 1637 between the colonists of Connecticut and the Pequot Indians. The colonists won, and they took over the Pequot's land
King Philip's War
War in 1675 between the Wampanoag's and the Plymouth colonists, which was ignited by the hanging of 3 Wampanoag's for killing a Christian Indian
Series of conflicts among the members of the Iroquois nation in a quest for pelts and captives who could be adopted into Iroquois families to replace the dead
the Dutch name for manor lords
The proprietor of the last unallocated tract of American territory at the king's disposal
A religious sect that appealed strongly to men and women at the bottom of the economic ladder. They believed that the Holy Spirit or the "Inner Light" could inspire every soul. Mainstream Christians, by contrast, found any such claim of direct, personal communication to God highly dangerous.
Robert Cavalier de La Salle
An ambitious upper-class adventurer who descended the entire Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico. When he reached the delta, he formally claimed the entire Mississippi basin for Louis XIV, in whose honor he named the territory of Louisiana.
The most successful Indian uprising in American history. Taos and Apache Indians attacked the homes of 70 Spanish colonists and killed all but 2
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