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32 terms

Philosophers

From Sophie's World
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Democritus
The smallest object in nature is the atom, many varieties, and they make up everything in the world around us.
Socrates
Our truth and our souls must be valued much above physical life.
Plato
Everything has an imagined "ideal form", and what we see are poor imitations of that ideal form.
Aristotle
Humans are unique because they can categorize other things.
Jesus
"I am the Way, the Truth, and the Light. No one can come to the Father except through me."
Augustine
There is a limit to how far philosophy can go; it goes further with God.
Aquinas
There are two paths to God: faith and reason.
Luther
You can connect with God outside of the church.
Erasmus
Stayed with the Roman Catholic Church
Hobbes
Everything- including the soul- is tangible and made of atoms.
Descartes
Organizing philosophies, only reason can be proved. He doubted, therefore he was.
Spinoza
God is in creation; nature is God
Locke
Our minds are empty until we sense the world; there are two categories: subjective and objective.
Hume
If something is complex but never experienced, commit it to the flames!
Berkeley
We exist only in God's mind.
Kant
We can never have certain knowledge of things, we can only know how things appear to us.
Hegel
No idea is universally or eternally right, history is a changing river (he made all philosophies work together)
Kierkegaard
Subjectivity is essential; there are three stages of life: aesthetic, ethical, and religious
Marx
There is no eternal truth, it depends on when and where you grow up
Darwin
Evolution, survival of the fittest
Marx
Who felt that philosophy needed to be practical?
The Enlightenment
When did the idea of returning to nature become popular?
Kant
Who believed the world conforms to our mind?
Hume
Who believed that people act according to their feelings, not reason?
Kierkegaard
Who argues that religion is a matter of either believing, or not?
The Renaissance
What period was characterized by an emphasis on Humanism?
Marx
Who believed material forces shape history?
Aquinas
Who "Christianized" Aristotle?
Sartre
Who considered freedom a burden?
Hegel
Who focused on the world spirit?
Plato
According to this Greek philosopher, the human body is composed of three parts: the head, the chest, and the abdomen.
Spinoza
Who wrote "Ethics: Geometrically Demonstrated"?