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CH 15 Study Guide Questions 65-100
Terms in this set (35)
What are the 3 common sites for measuring pulse rate?
-the radial artery on the thumb side of the wrist
-the brachial artery in the antecubital fossa of adults and upper arm in infants
-the carotid artery in the neck
Listening to the chest with a ______ placed over the heart and counting the heartbeat can also be used to measure pulse rate. These pulses are called ______.
stethoscope, apical pulses
Describe placement of fingers and how to obtain a pulse rate.
place the 2nd and 3rd digits over the pulse point, count the pulse for 60 seconds for the most accurate assessment
How long do you count a pulse rate?
Resting pulse rate in a normal adult should vary from ______ to _____ beats per minute.
60 to 100
A normal pulse rate for children should be _____ to _____ beats permute.
70 to 120
A ___________ is a noninvasive device used to provide ongoing assessment of the hemoglobin oxygen saturation of _______ blood along with the patient's pulse.
pulse oximeter, arterial
Normal pulse oximeter values for a healthy person will be ____ to ____%
95 to 100 %
If no pulse can be found at the wrist, or if the patient is in cardiac arrest, where should be your next location to locate a pulse?
Check the carotid artery for 5 seconds and summon emergency help
_________ is a measure of the force exerted by blood on the arterial walls during contraction and relaxation of the heart.
When measuring blood pressure, the top number is referred to as ________ and the bottom number is referred to as _______.
What are 2 items used to measure blood pressure?
sphygmomanometer, and stethoscope
The ________ consist of a cuff, tubing, a valve, a bulb, and a manometer attached to the cuff.
What are the 2 types of sphygmomanometers?
mercury and aneroid. (aneroid is more common)
What is the normal blood pressure in a healthy adult?
120/80 mm HG
Blood pressure above ________ is known as hypertension.
140/90 mm HG
Low blood pressure of less than _______ is known as hypotension.
95/60 mm HG
If the brain goes without oxygen for _______ minutes, it can cause permanent damage.
Oxygen is not flammable but does support combustions and constitutes ______% of atmospheric gases.
inadequate amount of oxygen at the cellular level
What tissues are most sensitive to hypoxia?
brain, heart, lungs, and liver
Oxygen must be prescribed by a ______ and must be used at a minimum dose due to the patient's condition.
Should oxygen be removed from a patient to take a radiograph without consent ?
What are 4 indications for an endotracheal tube to be used?
-a need for mechanical ventilation or O2 delivery
-upper airway obstruction
-Impending gastric acid reflux or aspiration
-provisions for tracheobronchial lavage
How does the physician confirm that an endotracheal tube is inserted correctly?
by a chest radiograph, it is then assessed periodically thereafter
properly positioned endotracheal tubes will show the distal tip ____ to _____ inches superior to the tracheal bifurcation.
1 to 2 inches
How can atelectasis occur when inserting and endotracheal tube?
intubation of the right main bronchus, occluding the left main bronchus
What] is another name for a chest tube?
What are some causes of pneumothorax?
-a break in the continuity of the visceral pleura
-penetration of the external chest wall seen in trauma
-In rare instances, a gas producing microorganism (empyema)
What is another name for a catheter that is inserted into a large vein?
Central Venous (CV) lines
What is the preferred location when inserting a catheter tip into the superior vena cava?
2-3 cm above the right atrial junction
where is the most common site for inserting CV catheters?
the subclavian vein
single lumen central venous catheter
Triple-lumen central venous catheter
Pulmonary arterial catheter
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