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30 terms

Plant Reproduction - Agri 8

STUDY
PLAY
propagation
reproducing or increasing the number of plants
sexual reproduction
reproducing plants from seed
asexual reproduction
using vegetative parts of a parent plant to start new plants
pollen
contains sperm cells
embryo
immature plant
plant breeder
develops new varieties of plants
seed
form in ovaries of flowers; contain all material needed for growth of new plant
dicot
two cotyledons
monocot
one cotyledon
complete flowers
contain all flower parts
incomplete flowers
missing one or more flower parts
perfect flowers
contain both stamens and pistils
incomplete flowers
lack either stamens or pistils
sepals
outer parts of flowers that protect buds while they are developing
petals
showy, colorful part of flowers which attract pollinating organisms
stamen
consists of the anther and filament
pistil
consists of the stigma, style, and ovary
fruit
matured ovary
dry fruit
develops in a pod or hull
fleshy fruit
large, fibrous structures surround the seeds
percent germination
percentage of seed that sprouts
viability
ability of a seed to sprout and grow
germination
seed sprouting and beginning growth of a new plant
root stock
underground portion of a grafted plant
scion
above ground portion of a grafted plant
layering
starting new plant vegetatively while the stem is still attached to the parent plant
cutting
short section of a plant stem used for propagation of a new plant
grafting
placing a section of stem onto the root system of another similar plant
tissue culture
growing new plants from a single cell or group of cells
quality seed
pure and free from weed seed, trash, disease