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Western Culture Lesson 14 Unit 3 Review
Terms in this set (13)
PATRONAGE AND ART
What is a patron?
a practice were a wealthy individual pays an artist to live and accepts the art that artist makes.
How did patrons use art?
Who were the Medicis? Why were they important?
a powerful Florentine Family. They had risen from traders to being one of the most important families in Italy. They undoubtedly rose to power through less than above board means. Nonetheless, their patronage produced some of the great heart of the Italian Renaissance
THE CLASSICAL NUDE
How did Renaissance artist represent the body in a way different from the medieval?
Who is Donatello? What is unique about his David?
The statue shows David immediately after his defeat of Goliath,Donatello's is nude
Define Linear Perspective.
Define Aerial Perspective.
when the landscape behind the figures appears to be far off in the distance
Be able to discuss how these perspective appear in specific works of art.
linear perspective as we see in Masaccio. technique of using light and dark to create the illusion of actual space; this is called chiaroscuro in aerial perspective
Between the Mass and the Madrigal which one is:
b. more popular
d. more regionally diverse
Palestrina's masterpiece, "Mass for Pope Marcellus introduces vocal and choral innovations. Masses involve a choir with a number of singers. The Madrigal distinguishes itself from the Mass with a smaller, more informal, and secular (non-religious) nature. Madrigals originally needed only two or rarely three singers
Why do Renaissance Christians consider the human voice the greatest of all instruments?
it comes directly from God's greatest creation
What musical element provided the classification for sounds (pitch) during the Renaissance?
During the late Medieval period into the early Renaissance, Church modes provided the pitches (high or low tones) and the rhythms (duration of time for each pitch) that comprise early Western music
Willaert, Gabrieli, and Monteverdi all held the choir director position at this famous cathedral in this city:
the great Church choir directors of St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, Italy
In the most general sense, what are the two types of Renaissance music?
cantus firmus(1450-1550) or "fixed melody" to anchor a multi-voice / polyphonic (multiple melodies) composition,vernacular Chorale featuring lyrics from scripture along-side instrumental accompaniment
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