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60 terms

Sadlier-Oxford: Level G: Unit 4-6

Sadlier-Oxford, level G, units 4-6 vocab
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Atrophy
(n) The wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; (v) to waste away
ant- growth, development, mature, develop
Bastion
(n) A fortified place, stronghold
Concord
(n) A state of agreement, harmony, unanimity; a treaty, pact, covenant
ant- disagreement, strife, discord
Consummate
(adj) complete or perfect in the highest degree; (v) to bring to a state of completion or perfection
ant- launch, initiate, begin, kick off
Disarray
(n) Disorder, confusion; (v) to throw into disorder
ant- organization, order, tidiness
Exigency
(n, often pl) Urgency, pressure; urgent demand, pressing need; an emergency
Flotsam
(n) Floating debris; homeless, impoverished people
Frenetic
(adj) Frenzied, highly agitated
ant- calm, controlled, relaxed, leisurely
Glean
(v) To gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers
Grouse
(n) A type of game bird; a complaint; (v) to complain, grumble
Incarcerate
(v) To imprison, confine, jail
ant- liberate, release, free
Incumbent
(adj) Obligatory, required; (n) one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of
ant- optional, unnecessary
Jocular
(adj) Humorous, jesting, jolly, joking
ant- humorless, solemn, grave, earnest, grim
Ludicrous
(adj) Ridculous, laughable, absurd
ant- heartrending, poignant, pathetic
Mordant
(adj) Biting or caustic in thought, manner, or style; sharply or bitterly harsh
ant- bland, mild, gentle, soothing
Nettle
(n) A prickly or stinging plant; (v) to arouse displeasure, impatience, or anger; to vex or irritate severely
ant- please, delight, soothe, pacify
Pecuniary
(adj) Consisting of or measured in money; of or related to money
Pusillanimous
(adj) Contemptibly cowardly or mean-spirited
ant- stouthearted, courageous, daring
Recumbent
(adj) In a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting
ant- erect, upright, energetic, dynamic
Stratagem
(n) A scheme to outwit or deceive an opponent or to gain an end
Acuity
(n.) sharpness [particularly of mind or senses]
ant- dullness, obtuseness
Delineate
(v.) to portray, sketch, or describe in accurate and vivid detail; to represent pictorially
Depraved
(adj.) marked by evil and corruption, devoid of moral principles
ant- moral, virtuous, upright, uncorrupted
Enervate
(v.) to weaken or lessen the mental, moral, or physical vigor of; enfeeble, hamstring
ant- invigorate, strengthen, buttress
Esoteric
(adj.) intended for or understood by only a select few, private, secret
ant- accessible, comprehensible, intelligible
Fecund
(adj.) fruitful in offspring or vegetation; intellectually productive
ant- infertile, barren, unproductive
Fiat
(n.) an arbitrary order or decree; a command or act of will or consciousness
Figment
(n.) a fabrication of the mind; an arbitrary notion
Garner
(v.) to acquire as the result of effort; to gather and store away, as for future use
ant- scatter, squander, waste, dissipate
Hallow
(v.) to set apart as holy or sacred, sanctify, consecrate; to honor greatly, revere
ant- desecrate, defile, profane
Idiosyncrasy
(n.) a peculiarity that serves to distinguish or identify
Ignominy
(n.) shame and disgrace
ant- honor, glory, acclaim
Mundane
(adj.) earthly, worldly, relating to practical and material affairs; concerned with what is ordinary
ant- heavenly, unworldly, spiritual, transcendental
Nuance
(n.) a subtle or slight variation [as in color, meaning, quality], delicate gradation or shade of difference
Overweening
(adj.) conceited, presumptuous; excessive, immoderate
ant- restrained, understated, modest, meek
Penchant
(n.) a strong attraction or inclination
ant- disinclination, aversion
Reputed
(adj.) according to reputation or general belief; having widespread acceptance and good reputation; (part.) alleged
ant- proven, corroborated, authenticated
Sophistry
(n.) reasoning that seems plausible but is actually unsound; a fallacy
Sumptuous
(adj.) costly, rich, magnificent
ant- skimpy, meager, stingy, niggardly, spartan
Ubiquitous
(adj.) present or existing everywhere
ant- restricted, limited, rare, scarce
Abject
(adj.) degraded; base, contemptible; cringing, servile; complete and unrelieved
ant- lofty, noble, exalted
Agnostic
(n.) one who believes that nothing can be known about God; a skeptic; (adj.) without faith, skeptical
Complicity
(n.) involvement in wrongdoing; the state of being an accomplice
ant- noninvolvement, innocence
Derelict
(n.) someone or something that is abandoned or neglected; (adj.) left abandoned; neglectful of duty
ant- punctilious, conscientious, scrupulous
Diatribe
(n.) a bitter and prolonged verbal attack
ant- panegyric, encomium, eulogy
Effigy
(n.) a crude image of a despised person
Equity
(n.) the state or quality of being just, fair, or impartial; fair and equal treatment; something that is fair; the money value of a property value of a property above and beyond any other mortgage or other claim
ant- injustice, unfairness, bias, prejudice
Inane
(adj.) silly, empty of meaning or value
ant- sensible, meaningful, profound
Indictment
(n.) a act of accusing; a formal accusation
Indubitable
(adj.) certain, not to be doubted or denied
ant- questionable, debatable, dubious
Intermittent
(adj.) stopping and beginning again, sporadic
ant- continuous, uninterrupted
Moot
(adj.) open to discussion and debate, unresolved; (v.) to bring up for discussion; (n.) a hypothetical law case argued by students
ant- undebatable, indisputable, self-evident
Motif
(n.) a principal idea, feature, theme, or element; a repeated or dominant figure in a design
Neophyte
(n.) a new convert, beginner, novice
ant- veteran, past master, expert, pro
Perspicacity
(n.) keenness in observing and understanding
ant- dullness, obtuseness
Plenary
(adj.) complete in all aspects or essentials; absolute; attended by all qualified members
ant- limited, restricted, incomplete
Surveillance
(n.) a watch kept over a person; careful, close, and disciplined observation
Sylvan
(adj.) pertaining to or characteristic or forest; living or located in a forest; wooded, woody
Testy
(adj.) easily irritated; characterized by impatience and exasperation
ant- even-tempered, imperturbable, unexcitable
Travesty
(n.) a grotesque or grossly inferior imitation; a disguise, especially the clothing of the opposite sex; (v.) to ridicule by imitating in a broad or burlesque fashion