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AP Psych Ch.3
Terms in this set (69)
The dominant-recessive genes principle states all of the following except which one?
If both genes of a pair are dominant, the effect converts into a recessive trait.
A technique for studying the brain that measures the amount of glucose in various areas of the brain is called what?
Approximately how much does the human brain weigh?
The brains most startling accomplishment is its:
Self-awareness of its own different capabilities and knowledge
What caused the form of gianitsm that Leonid experienced?
A tumor in the pituitary gland
A drug that can block the effects of a neurotransmitter is referred to as what?
What is the brains capacity to modify and change?
The hypothalamus can be described best as:
What are Glial cells?
Provide supportive and nutritive functions in the brain
The process by which the axons of healthy neurons adjacent to damaged cells grow new branches is called what?
What receives, processes, interprets, and stores incoming sensory information and also sends out messages destined for muscles, glands, and internal organs?
The central nervous system
When you accidentally touch a hot burner on a stove, which part of your nervous system carries the pain message from your skin to your brain?
The sympathetic nervous system
Genes are short segments of ____ that are composed of ____
In the chapter's opening story, we learn about the brain surgery and eventual recovery of Brandi Binder. What may best explain her brain activity at age 13?
Substitution of function
The brain and the spinal cord comprise what?
The central nervous system
The spinal cord is actually an extension of what?
Dr. Beeken is working on one of the largest scientific projects ever done. Her responsibility is to map out the 19th chromosome pair. She is working on what project?
The Human Genome Project
What is a collection of neurons and supportive tissue running from the base of the brain down the center of the back, protected by a column of bones?
The majority of the brain consists of which type of nerves?
The psychological arousal you feel as you enter the classroom to take this exam is produced by what nervous system?
The nervous system is made up of approximately how many interconnected cells?
The two hemispheres are connected by which structure?
The lobe that is associated with the control of voluntary muscles, intelligence, and personality is which lobe?
Most neurons have __________ dendrites.
The sympathetic nervous system acts like the _________________________ of a car?
What occurs when the parasympathetic nervous system is activated?
Construction of the pupils
The basic building block of the nervous system is what?
Another name for a neuron is what?
Which is NOT one of the main parts of a neuron?
Sarah Bellum is told by her physician that her symptoms are caused by a loss of myelin. Her diagnosis would most likely be what?
The part of the neuron that carries messages away from the cell body and toward the terminal buttons is called the what?
The calmness you feel after you finish your test and realize you knew all the answers is preceded by what nervous system?
Messages from other neurons are collected by the what of the receiving neurons?
The "pleasure center" discovered by Olds and Milner is found in the what?
The tiny holes on the cell membrane are termed what?
The layer of fat cells that insulate most axons is the what?
Research about various brain areas indicates that higher mental processes such as thinking and problem solving are located within the what?
Which of the following is NOT one of the characteristics of the nervous system?
Which of the following descriptions of the brain correspond to the Characteristic of integration?
Behaving in a coordinated way requires a lot of coordination in your brain.
This system in the midbrain is involved in the Control of walking, sleeping, and turning to attend sudden noise:
What is neurogenesis?
The generation of new neurons
Which of the following types of neurons carry input to the brain?
Which neurotransmitter is involved in the action of muscles, learning, and memory?
Which of the parts of the hidden brain is the one that is involved in motor coordination?
The ____________________ is The brief wave of electrical charge that racist down the axon.
The state in which the inside of the neuron is slightly negatively charged is the what?
A neurotransmitter associated with schizophrenia is what?
If a person has a low level of dopamine, this would most likely cause which problem?
The person would have difficulty with walking
The hidden brain structure that helps to control our breathing is called the what?
A forebrain structure that plays an important role in the storage of memories is the what?
Which of the following individuals would have the best chance to recover from damage to Broca's area?
Jimmy Neutron, a four-year-old preschooler
What helps speed up the condition of neural impulses?
What are the two parts of the peripheral nervous system?
Somatic and Autocratic
The _____________ is the forebrain structure that monitors editing, drinking, and sexual behavior.
Brain lesioning is a method of studying the brain that:
Observes the effects of damage to the brain, sometimes as the result of accidents
Which of the following is not one of the lobes of the neocortex
The association cortex comprises what approximate percentage of the entire cerebral cortex?
What part of the brain controls sneezing?
The brain stem
When people are unexpectedly trapped on the shoulder from behind, they usually turn around pretty quickly. This is not a reflex but requires some pretty fast neurotransmitters. When the person senses the tapping, which nerves are the ones transmitting information to the brain?
Which of the following presents the correct order of neural transmission when something is sensed and responded to?
Afferent input, neural networks, integration, efferent output
During the action the neurons membrane allows _____________ ions to exit The neuron, in order to restore the slightly _________________ charge of the resting potential.
Freddy was bitten by a black widow spider while he was out in the woods. Which of the following neural activities did he experience?
Acetylcholine overflowed the nervous system
What is the genetic research method in which organisms are chosen for reproduction based on how much of a particular trait they display?
Another name for the somatic nervous system is the what?
Skeletal nervous system
In the peripheral nervous system, what carries out orders from the CNS to muscles and glands?
Which of the following functions has not been associated with the left hemisphere of the cerebral cortex?
What controls growth and regulates other glands and part of it is controlled by the hypothalamus?
When someone says a nerve has been severed, what has been cut?
Neuroscientist have found that __________________ can inhibit the process of neurogenesis.
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