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Study Guide #5
Terms in this set (24)
Explain the relationship between albumen and glass plates.
Provided an excellent binder for silver salts on a glass plate didn't dissolve off the glass during processing
Describe the collodion wet-plate process.
Pour collodion mixture of potassium iodide, alcohol, ether, and nitrate cellulose onto glass plate in dark room. Tip back and forth. Next dip plate into sensitizing bath of silver nitrate the immediately place into camera. After the plate was developed in a pyrogallic acid with cyanide or hypo
What were the key ingredients of collodion?
Potassium iodide, alcohol, ether, and nitrated cellulose.
What was the timespan that the collodion process reigned?
What were the unique characteristics and contributions of albumen paper?
Another identical print could be made. It had a glossy finish that was easily replaceable
List the three spin-off processes from the collodion process.
Ambrotype, tintype, and the Carte de Visite
Why were tintypes so popular with soldiers and their families during the American Civil War?
Lightweight, durable, and cheap (25 cents)
Who was the Frenchman that popularized the cart de visite?
Who was the Canadian born photographer operating in New York City that was known as "the Napoleon of Photography"? Why did he have this attribution?
Napoleon Sarony; his studio, the "Wonder room," was an entire building of Chinese gods, Egyptian mummies, Russian sleighs, etc. Skilled at retouching. Had a "posing machine" to make it more comfortable.
Which aristocrat(s) helped to launch the "stereo craze"?
Langenheim Brothers and Holmes and Joesph L. Bates
Technique for creating photographs; used wet plates, which were glass plates that had been covered with a mixture of chemicals before being placed in the camera for the exposure
a glass negative with a black backing that makes the image appear positive
An early photographic process in which the photographic plate is exposed, developed, and fixed while wet.
a photograph taken as a positive on a thin tin plate.
Highly nitrated form of nitrocellulose, used as an explosive
aka tintype; a photograph made by creating a direct positive on a thin sheet of metal coated with a dark lacquer or enamel and used as the support for the photographic emulsion.
formal name for a tintype; photograph made on an iron plate
carte de visite
a small photographic portrait of someone, mounted on a piece of card
received rights to tintype patent; renamed it melainotype; wrote a 53-page manual describing the melainotype process
This card replaced the Carte de Visite in the late 1800s and was a larger version of this card. Common colors were dark maroon, black, or green.
French photographer, first person to take aerial photographs
a seller of cheap inferior goods, typically a hawker at a fair or market.
A device for presenting one image to one eye and another image to the other eye
photographers who introduced the stereograph to America
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