Upgrade to remove ads
MUSIC - Section 3; Louis Points the Way (Sort of), Dizzy Gillespie, Jam-bassador, Bumps on the Road
Terms in this set (60)
In what year did Armstrong take a commercial tour of Europe?
What did the Stockholm correspondent tell New York Times was America's secret weapon?
A blue note in a minor key
Who did a Stockholm correspondent say was America's most effective ambassador?
What did the correspondent say many thoughtful Europeans cannot understand?
Why the US Government, with all the money it spends for so-called propaganda to promote democracy, does not use more of it to subsidize the continental travel of jazz bands
According to a Newsweek reporter, what does the simple emotional impact of jazz do?
Cuts through all manner of linguistic and ideological barriers, and Louis Armstrong becomes an extraordinary kind of roving American ambassador of goodwill
What was Armstrong's subsequent album that released recordings from the tour labelled?
Where did Armstrong take an independent trip in 1956?
British Gold Coast Colony
What would the British Gold Coast Colony later become?
The country of Ghana
Whose idea was it to send Armstrong to Africa?
Journalist Edward R Murrow
Why did Murrow want to send Armstrong to Africa?
To film the result of Armstrong playing in the land of his ancestors
What was the title of the film Murrow created of Armstrong in Africa?
"Satchmo the Great"
Why was Armstrong's nickname Satchmo?
His friends teased him for a mouth "as big as a satchel"
What are jam sessions?
How many people were in attendance at their first venue?
What was the title of one African magazine's article on the Armstrong event?
"Satchmo Blows Up the World"
In what year was the State Department making plans to send Armstrong to the Soviet Union and South America?
In what month did Armstrong pull out of his tour with the State Department?
What did the Brown v. Board of Education declare in 1954?
Racially separate schools were not equal, and that Arkansas should desegregate them
In what year did desegregation of Arkansas schools start?
Who ordered the Arkansas National Guard to surround the High School in Little Rock so that African-American students could not enter?
Governor Orval Faubus
Unhappy with Eisenhower's slow response to the situation, what did Armstrong angrily declare?
"It's getting so bad a colored man hasn't got any country"
What did the Secretary of State John Foster Dulles tell the Attorney General?
He was "sick at heart" about Little Rock, which he regarded as "ruining our foreign policy"
What did Dulles compare the effects of Armstrong's absence in Asia and Africa to be worse than the effects of?
The Soviet Union's brutal crushing of a Hungarian rebellion in 1956
In what year would Armstrong finally go on an official State Department tour?
How long was Armstrong's tour in 1960 and where to?
4 months through various African nations
In what year did the State Department sanction Armstrong's commercial tour of South America?
How long after the Sputnik launch did Armstrong start his trip?
What was the name of the jet squadron the US sent?
What did the New York Times report was pitted against the Russians in the "continuing propaganda contest in South America"?
"Hot jet pilots and "hot jazz trumpet"
What did Armstrong say in Venezuela to promote the US?
"The situation in general for Negroes is far better than it used to be, despite what happened at Little Rock"
What did the delay of Armstrong's long awaited State Department tour underscore the delicate balance between?
America's international public face and its never private domestic affairs
Who was the first jazz group to travel under the auspices of the Cultural Presentations Program?
In what year did Gillespie and his band travel under the State Department?
In which year was the Cultural Presentations Program founded?
Why did the government believe Gillespie to be the best possible choice?
"Not only is this type of music popular..but it also attracts the attention of serious music students and lovers of fine music who appreciate the fact that this is a distinctly American form of expression which has influenced profoundly the entire art of music"
What did Gillespie favor much more than Ellington and Armstrong?
A contemporary, high energy style of jazz called bebop, or simply "bop"
How did bebop compare to swing music?
It was less danceable
What is the USIS?
The United States Information Service (the label for overseas offices of the USIA)
How did Gillespie arrive at the local USIS post?
In a bicycle rickshaw which he was energetically pedaling himself, while the rickshaw wallah reclines in the passenger's seat
What was a "dream come true" for the State Department?
Gillespie's hired trombonist Melba Liston (mixed race and mixed gender band)
Besides a trombonist, what other professions described Liston?
Arranger and composer
What did Liston do when the group arrived in Damascus?
She listened to children sing the national anthem and hurriedly scored a version for the band to play that night
What did a local USIS officer admit about the potential for jazz in Syria?
He had been skeptical but now felt "floored by the audience's reaction: 'I've never seen these people let themselves go like this'"
What did the US Ambassador to Yugoslavia say about Gillespie?
His band made their jobs much easier
What does Von Eschen note about Gillespie in the eyes of many newly converted diplomats?
Gillespie was the jam-bassador the State Department needed
What did a Pakistani editorial proclaim?
"The language of diplomacy ought to be translated into the score for a bop trumpet"
Who publicly criticized the US while he was on tour in Eastern Europe?
Charles Mingus, Jr.
Why did the audience admire Mingus' ability to criticize the US government?
He was able to do so without punishment, demonstrating free speech
What happened as a result of the fact that jazz musicians were almost universally "night owls"?
Players were increasingly apt to be late to (or miss) daytime diplomatic functions that they were expected to attend
Why did Liston face sexual harassment daily from male musicians?
They questioned Gillespie's judgement in hiring her in the first place
How did Liston's situation compare with female jazz musicians back in the US?
They were equally bad
Why did angry citizens write to their congressmen and to the State Department?
They objected to the expense and nature of Gillespie's performances, ashamed of jazz
What did the State Department do in response to every angry letter?
Respond patiently explaining the effectiveness of jazz in America's foreign relations
Why did Washington wire funds to have a celebratory party in Athens?
Gillespie's band won the hearts of student protestors in Greece
What did bandmember Quincy Jones recall that the American cultural attaché did?
He advised his staff not to mingle with the band and informed his female staff that in the US, respectable girls did not mix with black jazz musicians
What happened to Gillespie's group in Kansas City at the hotel?
They were refused the right to swim in the pool and were ordered to enter and exit the hotel via its back door
Why did the policy burst into Gillespie's dressing room in Texas?
They were playing cards and the officers assumed they were gambling
When the police officers asked for his name, what did Gillespie say?
Why did jazz musicians of color sometimes receive criticism from fellow African Americans?
They had chosen to support the State Department's efforts, despite the inequality they experienced in the US
What were jazz musicians sometimes accused of being?
Uncle Toms (too subservient to white characters)
You might also like...
APUSH Ch. 16A outside readings
Ms. Berret History Test 1
APUSH Chapter 28
History 1302 Unit II
Other sets by this creator
MUSIC - Section 4; Presenting: Prokofiev, Sonata f…
SOSCI - Section 1; Origins of the Cold War, Clashi…
MUSIC - Section 4; A Portrait of Stalin, Symphony…
MUSIC - Section 4; Musical Bullying, Soviet-Style,…
Other Quizlet sets
Chapter 26 (WCII)
Så styrs Sverige
229 chapter 10 end of chapter Q's: orofacial pain…
Emergency Med Response Exam 1